Advertisement

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 298, Issue 1, pp 153–161 | Cite as

Digital autoradiography (DA) in quantification of trace level beta emitters on concrete

  • Anumaija LeskinenEmail author
  • Pascal Fichet
  • Marja Siitari-Kauppi
  • Florence Goutelard
Article

Abstract

In the framework of dismantling of nuclear facilities, there is a strong need to obtain analytical results on residual radioactivity especially on concrete but also on metal surfaces. Since investigation of hundreds of m2 areas by the standard Wipe test method is difficult, a semi quantitative digital autoradiography (DA) technique was developed. The DA technique is sensitive to all types of radiation and therefore it is advantageous in dismantling investigations. Recent developments on the DA technique were investigated on concrete floor of an old laboratory in which research had been carried out using 3H and 14C beta emitters. The results showed that the DA technique was a powerful tool in localization and quantification of residual radioactivity on concrete floor.

Keywords

Tritium Digital autoradiography Quantification 

Abbreviations

DA

Digital autoradiography

LSC

Liquid scintillation counting

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors would like to thank particularly Nadine Evenat-Robic for her help and her proposition to test the DA technique in situ in a laboratory under dismantling process.

References

  1. 1.
    ISO standards (1988) Evaluation of surface contamination—part 2: tritium surface contamination. Radiat Prot Dosimetry 25(2):117–125Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hirota M, Takada C, Takasaki K, Momose T, Kurihara O, Saze T, Ito S, Nishizawa K (2011) Feasibility of in vivo measurement of 239Pu distribution in lungs using an imaging plate. Appl Radiat Isot 69:808–813CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yamane Y, Ishide N, Kagaya Y, Takeyama D, Shiba N, Chida M, Sekiguchi Y, Nozaki T, Ido T, Shirato K (1995) Quantitative double-tracer autoradiography with tritium and carbon-14 using imaging plates: application to myocardial metabolic studies in rats. J Nucl Med 36:518–524Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Koarashi J, Saito F, Akiyama K, Rahman NM, Iida T (2007) A new digital autoradiographical method for identification of Pu particles using an imaging plate. Appl Radiat Isot 65:413–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sugiyama K, Tanabe T, Miyasaka K, Masaki K, Tobita K, Miya N, Philipps V, Rubel M, Skinner CH, Gentile CA, Saze T, Nishizawa K (2004) Tritium profile in plasma-facing components following dd operation. J Nucl Mater 329–333:874–879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kobayashi K, Isobe K, Iwai Y, Hayashi T, Shu W, Nakamura H, Kawamura Y, Yamada M, Suzuki T, Miura H, Uzawa M, Nishikawa M, Yamanishi T (2007) Studies on the behavior of tritium in components and structure materials of tritium confinement and detritiation systems of ITER. Nucl Fusion 47:1645–1651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fichet P, Bresson F, Leskinen A, Goutelard F, Ikonen J, Siitari-Kauppi M (2012) Tritium analysis in building dismantling process using digital autoradiography. J Nucl Chem 291:869–875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zeissler CJ, Forsley LPG, Lindstrom RM, Newsome S, Kirk A, Mosier-Boss PA (2012) Radio-microanalytical particle measurements method and application to Fukushima aerosols collected in Japan. J Nucl Chem. doi: 10.1007/s10967-012-2135-x Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tanaka K, Iwatani H, Sakaguchi A, Takahashi Y, Onda Y (2012) Local distribution of radioactivity in tree leaves contaminated by fallout of the radionuclides emitted from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. J Nucl Chem. doi: 10.1007/s10967-012-2192-1 Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Takebe M, Abe K, Kondo Y, Satoh Y, Souda M (1995) Identification of ionizing radiation with an imaging plate using two-wavelength stimulation light. Jpn J Appl Phys 34:4197–4199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Motoji N, Kuroiwa H, Shigematsu A (1995) Studies on the quantitative autoradiography. IV. Quantitative reliability of TLC-autoradioluminography. Biol Pharm Bull 18:108–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kvinnsland Y, Skretting A (2000) Methods for separation of contributions from two radionuclides in autoradiography with a silicon strip detector. Phys Med Biol 45:1183–1193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    l’Annunziata MF (2003) Handbook of radioactivity analysis, 2nd edn. Elsevier Science, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anumaija Leskinen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pascal Fichet
    • 1
  • Marja Siitari-Kauppi
    • 2
  • Florence Goutelard
    • 1
  1. 1.CEA, DEN, DANS/DPC/SEARS/LASEGif Sur YvetteFrance
  2. 2.Laboratory of Radiochemistry, Department of ChemistryHelsinki UniversityHelsinkiFinland

Personalised recommendations