A certified reference material for radionuclides in the water sample from Irish Sea (IAEA-443)

  • M. K. Pham
  • M. Betti
  • P. P. Povinec
  • M. Benmansour
  • V. Bünger
  • J. Drefvelin
  • C. Engeler
  • J. M. Flemal
  • C. Gascó
  • J. Guillevic
  • R. Gurriaran
  • M. Groening
  • J. D. Happel
  • J. Herrmann
  • S. Klemola
  • M. Kloster
  • G. Kanisch
  • K. Leonard
  • S. Long
  • S. Nielsen
  • J.-S. Oh
  • P. U. Rieth
  • I. Östergren
  • H. Pettersson
  • N. Pinhao
  • L. Pujol
  • K. Sato
  • J. Schikowski
  • Z. Varga
  • V. P. Vartti
  • J. Zheng
Article

Abstract

A new certified reference material (CRM) for radionuclides in sea water from the Irish sea (IAEA-443) is described and the results of the certification process are presented. Ten radionuclides (3H, 40K, 90Sr, 137Cs, 234U, 235U, 238U, 238Pu, 239+240Pu and 241Am) have been certified, and information values on massic activities with 95% confidence intervals are given for four radionuclides (230Th, 232Th, 239Pu and 240Pu). Results for less frequently reported radionuclides (99Tc, 228Th, 237Np and 241Pu) are also reported. The CRM can be used for quality assurance/quality control of the analysis of radionuclides in water samples, for the development and validation of analytical methods and for training purposes. The material is available in 5 L units from IAEA (http://nucleus.iaea.org/rpst/index.htm).

Keywords

Certified reference material Sea water, Irish sea Radionuclides Massic activity 

References

  1. 1.
    Livingston HD, Povinec PP (2000) Ocean Coast Manag 43:689–712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Livingston HD, Povinec PP (2002) Health Phys 82:656–668CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Povinec PP, Sanchez.Cabeza JA (eds) (2008) Radionuclides in the environment. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Povinec PP, Betti M, Jull AJT, Vojtyla P (2008) Acta Phys Slovaca 58:1–150Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Povinec PP (2005) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 263:413–417Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Povinec PP, Hirose K, Honda T, Ito T, Scott ME, Togawa O (2004) J Environ Radioact 76:113–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Aoyama M, Hirose K, Igarashi Y (2006) J Environ Monit 8:431–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sanchez-Cabeza JA, Pham MK, Povinec PP (2008) J Environ Rad 99:1680–1686CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Povinec PP, Pham MK (2001) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 248:211–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Povinec PP, Badia C, Baeza A, Barci-Funel G, Bergan TD, Bojanowski R, Burnette W, Eikenberg J, Fifield LK, Serradell V, Gastaud J, Goroncy I, Herrmann J, Hotchkis MAC, Ikaheimonen TK, Jakobson E, Kalimbadjan J, La Rosa JJ, Lee S-H, Liong Wee Kwong L, Lueng WM, Nielsen SP, Noureddine A, Pham MK, Rohou J-N, Sanchez-Cabeza J-A, Suomela J, Suplinska M, Wyse E (2002) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 251:369–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pham MK, Sanchez-Cabeza JA, Povinec PP, Arnold D, Benmansour M, Bojanowski R, Carvalho F, Kim CK, Esposito M, Gastaud J, Ham GJ, Hegde AG, Holm E, Jaskierowicz D, Kanisch G, Llaurado M, La Rosa J, Lee SH, Gascó C, Liong Wee Kwong L, Le Petit G, Maruo Y, Nielsen SP, Oh JS, Oregioni B, Palomares J, Pettersson HBL, Rulik P, Ryan T, Sandor T, Satake H, Schikowski J, Skwarzec B, Smedley PA, Vajda N, Wyse E (2006) Appl Rad Isotopes 64:1253–1259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pham MK, Betti M, Povinec PP, Alfimov V, Biddulph D, Gastaud J, Kieser WE, López Gutiérrez JM, Possnert G, Sanchez-Cabeza JA Suzuki T (2010) J Radioanal Nucl Chem doi: 10.1007/s10967-010-0621-6
  13. 13.
    Povinec PP, Pham MK, Bojanowski R, Boshkova T, Burnett WC, Chapeyron B, Cunha IL, Dahlgaard H, Galabov N, Gastaud J, Geering J-J, Gomez IF, Green N, Hamilton T, Ibanez FL, Ibn Majah M, John M, Kanisch G, Kenna TC, Kloster M, Korun M, Liong Wee Kwong L, La Rosa J, Lee S-H, Levy-Palomo I, Malatova M, Maruo Y, Murciano IV, Nelson R, Oh J-S, Oregioni B, Le Petit G, Pettersson HBL, Reineking A, Smedley PA, van der Struijs TDB, Teixeira MM, Voors PI, Yoshimizu K, Wyse E (2007) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 273:383–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pham MK, Sanchez-Cabeza JA, Povinec PP, Andor K, Arnold D, Benmansour M, Bikit I, Carvalho FP, Dimitrova K, Edrev ZH, Engeler C, Fouche FJ, Garcia-Orellana J, Gascó C, Gastaud J, Gudelis A, Hancock G, Holm E, Legarda F, Ikäheimonen TK, Ilchmann C, Jenkinson AV, Kanisch G, Kis-Benedek G, Kleinschmidt R, Koukouliou V, Kuhar B, La Rosa J, Lee SH, LePetit G, Levy-Palomo I, Liong Wee Kwong L, Llaurado M, Maringer FJ, Meyer M, Michalik B, Michel H, Nies H, Nour S, Oh JS, Oregioni B, Palomares J, Pantelic G, Pfitzner J, Pilvio R, Puskeiler L, Satake H, Schikowski J, Vitorovic G, Woodhead D, Wyse E (2008) Appl Rad Isot 66:1711–1717CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pham MK, Betti M, Povinec PP, Benmansour M, Bojanowski R, Bouisset P, Calvo EC, Ham GJ, Holm E, Hult M, Ilchmann C, Kloster M, Kanisch G, Köhler M, LaRosa J, Lagarda F, Llauradó L, Nourredine A, Oh J-S, Pellicciari M, Rieth U, Rogriguez y Baena AM, Sanchez-Cabeza JA, Satake H, Schikowski J, Takeishi M, Thébault H, Varga Z (2010) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 283:851–859CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Povinec PP, Pham MK, Ballestra S (1999) Report on the intercomparison run IAEA-381: radionuclides in Irish sea water, IAEA/AL/118, IAEA/MEL/66. IAEA, Monaco, p 43Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pham MK, Sanchez-Cabeza JA (2009) Interlaboratory comparison-radionuclides in Irish sea water IAEA-443, IAEA/AQ/10, Monaco, pp 31Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    International Standard Organization (ISO) (2006) Guide 35 Certification of reference materials––general and statistical principles. ISO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    International Standard Organization (ISO) (1993) Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement. ISO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Taylor BN, Kuyatt CE (1994) Guidelines for evaluating and expressing the uncertainty of NIST measurement results; NIST technical note 1297, Washington DC, p 20Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    International Standard Organization (ISO) (1997) Guide 43 “Proficiency testing and interlaboratory comparisons”. ISO/IEC, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Thompson M, Ellison SLR, Wood R (2006) J Pure Appl Chem 78:145–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Cofino WP, Wells DE (1994) Mar Poll Bull 29:149–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    La Rosa J, Gastaud J, Lagan L, Lee SH, Levy-Palomo I, Povinec PP, Wyse E (2005) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 263:427–436Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    León Vintró L, Mitchell PI, Condren OM, Moran M, Vives i Batlle J, Sánchez-Cabeza JA (1996) Nucl Instr Method Phys Res A 369:597–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zheng J, Yamada M (2007) Anal Sci 23:611–615CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. K. Pham
    • 1
  • M. Betti
    • 1
  • P. P. Povinec
    • 2
  • M. Benmansour
    • 3
  • V. Bünger
    • 4
  • J. Drefvelin
    • 5
  • C. Engeler
    • 6
  • J. M. Flemal
    • 7
  • C. Gascó
    • 8
  • J. Guillevic
    • 9
  • R. Gurriaran
    • 10
  • M. Groening
    • 11
  • J. D. Happel
    • 12
  • J. Herrmann
    • 13
  • S. Klemola
    • 14
  • M. Kloster
    • 4
  • G. Kanisch
    • 15
  • K. Leonard
    • 16
  • S. Long
    • 17
  • S. Nielsen
    • 18
  • J.-S. Oh
    • 19
  • P. U. Rieth
    • 15
  • I. Östergren
    • 20
  • H. Pettersson
    • 21
  • N. Pinhao
    • 22
  • L. Pujol
    • 23
  • K. Sato
    • 24
  • J. Schikowski
    • 25
  • Z. Varga
    • 26
    • 28
  • V. P. Vartti
    • 14
  • J. Zheng
    • 27
  1. 1.Marine Environment LaboratoriesInternational Atomic Energy AgencyMonacoMonaco
  2. 2.Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and InformaticsComenius UniversityBratislavaSlovakia
  3. 3.Centre National de l’Energie, des Sciences et des Techniques NucléairesRabatMorocco
  4. 4.Senatsverwaltung für Gesundheit, Umwelt und VerbraucherschutzBerlinGermany
  5. 5.Norwegian Radiation Protection AuthorityØsteråsNorway
  6. 6.RWS Centre for Water Management, WGMLA-RadiochemistryLelystadNetherlands
  7. 7.Scientific Institute of Public HealthBrusselsBelgium
  8. 8.Centro de Investigaciones EnergéticasMedioAmbientales y TechnológicasMadridSpain
  9. 9.Institut de Radioprotection et de Surette NucléaireLe Vésinet CedexFrance
  10. 10.Institut de Radioprotection et de Surette Nucléaire, IRSN/DEI/STEME/LMREOrsayFrance
  11. 11.International Atomic Energy Agency, Isotope Hydrology SectionViennaAustria
  12. 12.Tritium LaboratoryUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA
  13. 13.Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und HydrographieHamburgGermany
  14. 14.Radiation and Nuclear Safety AuthorityHelsinkiFinland
  15. 15.Institute of Fishery EcologyJohann Heinrich von Thünen-InstituteHamburgGermany
  16. 16.Lowestoft LaboratoryCentre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture ScienceLowestoftUK
  17. 17.Radiological Protection Institute of IrelandDublinIreland
  18. 18.Radiation Research DepartmentRiso National LaboratoryRoskildeDenmark
  19. 19.Geochemistry Research GroupNational Oceanography Centre SouthamptonSouthamptonUK
  20. 20.Swedish Radiation Safety AuthorityStockholmSweden
  21. 21.Faculty of Health SciencesLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden
  22. 22.Instituto Tecnológico e NuclearSacavémPortugal
  23. 23.Centro de Estudios y Experimentación de Obras Públicas, Área de Aplicaciones IsotópicasMadridSpain
  24. 24.Japan Chemical Analysis CenterChibaJapan
  25. 25.Institut für Physikalische ChemieGeorg-August-Universität GöttingenGöttingenGermany
  26. 26.Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of IsotopesBudapestHungary
  27. 27.Environmental Radiation Effects Research GroupNational Institute of Radiological SciencesChibaJapan
  28. 28.European Commission, Joint Research CentreInstitute for Transuranium ElementsKarlsruheGermany

Personalised recommendations