Advertisement

Bioaccumulation of uranium 234U and 238U in marine birds

  • Alicja Boryło
  • Bogdan SkwarzecEmail author
  • Jacek Fabisiak
Article

Abstract

In the paper was presented results of our study about uranium 234U and 238U radioactivity in the marine birds samples, collected in the Polish area of the southern Baltic Sea. We chose 11 species of sea birds: three species permanently residing at southern Baltic, four species of wintering birds and three species of migrating birds. The obtained results indicated that uranium is very irregularly distributed in organs and tissues of marine birds. The highest uranium content is characterized in liver, rest of viscera and feathers, the smallest in skin and muscles. The uranium concentration was higher for carnivorous species (long-tailed duck (C. hyemalis), common eider (S. mollissima), lower for species eating fish (great cormorant (P. carbo), common guillemot (U. aalge), red-throated diver (G. stellata) and razorbill (A. tarda)), but the biggest amounts for herbivorous species [tufted duck (A. fuligula) and eurasian coot (F. atra)]. About 63–67% of uranium, which was located in feathers of two species of marine birds: razorbill (A. tarda) and long-tailed duck (C. hymealis), was apparently adsorbed, which suggests that uranium adsorption on the feathers may be an important transfer from air to water.

Keywords

Uranium 234238Marine birds The Baltic Sea Bioaccumulation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Sciences for the financial support of this work under grant: DS-8460-4-0176-10 and BW/8000-5-0249-9.

References

  1. 1.
    Skwarzec B (1995) Polon, uran i pluton w ekosystemie południowego Bałtyku–Rozprawy i monografie. Instytut Oceanologii PAN, Sopot (in Polish)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Szymański W (1996) Chemia jądrowa. Zarys problematyki przemian jądrowych. PWN, Warszawa (in Polish)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bou-Rabee F, Bakir Y, Bem H (1995) Environ Int 21(3):293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bagatti D, Cantone MC, Giussani A, Veronese I, Roth P, Werner E, Höllriegl V (2003) J Environ Radioact 65:357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fleischer RL (1980) Science 207:979CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Boryło A (2000) Depozycja uranu w osadach Bałtyku południowego. PhD dissertation, The University of Gdańsk (in Polish)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Skwarzec B, Boryło A, Strumińska DJ (2004) Water Air Soil Pollut 159:165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jahnz A (2007) Spływ radionuklidów polonu, uranu i plutonu z dorzecza Wisły. PhD dissertation, The University of Gdańsk (in Polish)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tuszkowska A (2009) Spływ radionuklidów polonu, uranu i plutonu z dorzecza Odry. PhD dissertation, The University of Gdańsk (in Polish)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ku TL, Knauss KG, Mathieu GG (1977) Deep-Sea Res 24:1005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bou-Rabee F (1995) Appl Radiat Isot 46:217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Skwarzec B, Strumińska DI, Boryło A (2006) Nukleonika 51(2):45Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Skwarzec B (2010) Balt Coast Zone 2010 (in press)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Langmuir D (1978) Geochim Cosmochim Acta 42:547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Baxter MS (1996) J Environ Radioact 32(1–2):3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zarkadas Ch, Karydas AG, Paradellis T (2001) Spectrochim Acta Part B 56:2505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Meinrath A, Schneider P, Meinrath G (2003) J Environ Radioact 64:175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Edwards R (1999) New Scientist 5 Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tutu H, Cukrowska EM, Dohnal V, Havel J (2005) Environ Model Assess 10:43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Miller AC, Blakely WF, Livengood V, Whittaker T, Xu J, Ejnik WJ, Hamilton MM, Parlette E, John TS, Gerstenberg HM, Hsu H (1998) Health Perspect 106:465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Patocka J, Kassa J, Štĕtina R, Šafr G, Havel J (2004) J Appl Biomed 2:37Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Skwarzec B (1997) Chem Anal 42:107Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Skwarzec B (2010) In: Namieśnik J, Szefer P (eds) Analytical measurement in aquatic environments. Tylor and Francis, PE, pp 241–259Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Fabisiak J (2007) Nagromadzanie polonu, uranu i plutonu w ptakach morskich. PhD dissertation, The University of Gdańsk (in Polish)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Krumholz LA, Rust JH (1954) AMA Arch Pathol 57:270Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Silker WB (1958) Strontium-90 concentrations in the Hanford Environs. HW-55117. Hanford Atomic Products Operation, General Electric Co, RichlandGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hanson WC, Watson DG (1960) Hanford biology research annual report for 1959, Report HW-65500, USAEC, p 171. Hanford Atomic Products Operation, General Electric CoGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Szefer P, Falandysz J (1983) Sci Total Environ 29:269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Szefer P, Falandysz J (1983) Sci Total Environ 29:277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hamilton EI (1970) Health Phys 19(4):511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Hirose K, Sugimura Y (1981) Meteorol Geophys 32:317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Fisenne IM, Perry PM, Decker KM, Keller HW (1987) Health Phys 53:357Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kruszewicz AG (2005) Ptaki Polski. MULICO Oficyna Wydawnicza, Warszawa (in Polish)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Furness RW, Camphuysen CJ (1997) J Mar Sci 54:726Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Pilastro A, Congiu L, Tallandini L, Turchetto M (1993) Arch Environ Con Tox 24:355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Skwarzec B, Fabisiak J (2007) J Environ Radioact 93:119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Szefer P (1984) Stud Mater Oceanol 44:171 (in Polish)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Bosshard E, Zimmerli B, Schlatter Ch (1992) Chemosphere 24:309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H (1999) Biochemia pierwiastków śladowych. Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa (in Polish)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Hrynkiewicz ZA (2001) Człowiek i promieniowanie jonizujące. Praca zbiorowa, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa (in Polish)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Möller H, Shneider R, Schnier Ch (1983) Int Rev Hydrobiol 68:633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Szefer P (1987) Stud Mater Oceanol 51:133 (in Polish)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Szefer P, Wenne R (1987) Sci Total Environ 65:191CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alicja Boryło
    • 1
  • Bogdan Skwarzec
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jacek Fabisiak
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of Gdańsk, Chair of Analytics and Environmental RadiochemistryGdanskPoland
  2. 2.Naval AcademyGdyniaPoland

Personalised recommendations