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Journal of Polymer Research

, 26:33 | Cite as

A hybrid nanocomposite of poly(styrene-methyl methacrylate- acrylic acid) /clay as a novel rheology-improvement additive for drilling fluids

  • Nima Mohamadian
  • Hamzeh Ghorbani
  • David A. Wood
  • Maryam Abdollahi Khoshmardan
ORIGINAL PAPER
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

The hybrid-polymer nanocomposite poly(styrene-methyl methacrylate- acrylic acid) /nanoclay was synthesized by miniemulsion polymerization for novel use as a drilling fluid additive. Three low-solid-drilling fluids (bentonite-based; natural polymer-based; nanoclay-based) were formulated using the hybrid nanocomposite as an additive and their rheological performance compared. The polymer/clay hybrid nanoparticles significantly improve rheological and filtration properties of the drilling fluids and they remain stable at high pressure, high temperature and harsh salinity conditions. The fluids’ filtration properties improve as the concentration of the polymer/nanoclay-hybrid-nanoparticles increases. The clay-based nanocomposite additive had the highest positive impact on the rheological behavior of low-solids polymer-based drilling fluid. Analysis of rheological properties and filtration loss of the drilling fluids suggest that the optimum nanoclay concentration in the hybrid-polymer nanocomposite is about 5 wt.%.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Hybrid-nanocomposite additive Polymer-nanoclay-based drilling fluids Low-solids drilling fluids Rheological properties Filtration-loss control Miniemulsion polymerization 

Abbreviations

API

American Petroleum Institute

APS

Ammonium persulfate, (NH4)2S2O8

AV

Apparent viscosity

FTIR

Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy

GS

Gel strength

PCN

Polymer clay nanocomposite

PV

Plastic viscosity

SDS

Sodium dodecyl sulfate, CH3(CH2)11SO4Na

XG

Xanthan gum

XRD

X-Ray powder diffraction

XRF

X-Ray fluorescence

YP

Yield point

Notes

Supplementary material

10965_2019_1696_MOESM1_ESM.docx (656 kb)
ESM 1 A supplementary file is available to readers that provides additional information including an extended discussion regarding the attributes of PCN as a drilling additive, more detaisls on the measurement of rheological properties and two schematic diagrams representing the PCN structure (DOCX 655 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Polymer Society, Taipei 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Omidiyeh BranchIslamic Azad UniversityOmidiyehIran
  2. 2.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Ahvaz BranchIslamic Azad UniversityAhvazIran
  3. 3.DWA Energy LimitedLincolnUK
  4. 4.Department of Chemical and Petroleum EngineeringSharif University of TechnologyTehranIran

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