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Journal of Polymer Research

, 25:208 | Cite as

Amphiphilic fluorinated block-copolymer coating for the preparation of hydrophobic porous materials

  • Roman S. Kovylin
  • Maxim A. Baten’kin
  • Tatyana I. Kulikova
  • Catherine G. Ermolaeva
  • Olga G. Zamyshlyayeva
  • Sergei A. Chesnokov
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

A new approach to the preparation of hydrophobic porous polymers has been proposed. Three series of porous polymers which pores equally well-absorbed as water and organic liquids (benzene and iso-octane) were synthesized by visible light polymerization from compositions based on three different dimethacrylic esters with n-butanol. Three block copolymers based on N-vinylpyrrolidone and 2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropyl methacrylate, differing in the length of the poly-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropyl methacrylate) block, were synthesized for the purpose of hydrophobization of such porous polymers. A distinctive feature of synthesized block copolymers is that they are soluble only in methanol. It has been found that the treatment of porous polymers only with 2 wt.% of block copolymer methanol solution leads to a decrease water uptake by an order of magnitude, and the absorption of organic liquids does not change. In the course of the study it was possible to obtain a hydrophobic porous polymer sample that has water contact angle θ = 121° and a low value of the polar component of the surface Gibbs energy (\( {\gamma}_s^p=0.2 \) mJ·m−2). The fundamental possibility of using such material for purification of organic liquids from water is shown.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Porous monolith Photopolymerization composition Amphiphilic block copolymer Equilibrium contact angle The surface Gibbs energy of film 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study was financially supported by the Russian scientific foundation (project No. 17-73-10452).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.G. A. Razuvaev Institute of Organometallic Chemistry of Russian Academy of SciencesNizhny NovgorodRussia
  2. 2.National Research Nizhny Novgorod State UniversityNizhny NovgorodRussia

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