A novel diamine 4,4′-(3-(tert-butyl)-4-aminophenoxy)diphenyl ether (4) was synthesized from 2-tert-butylaniline and 4,4′-oxydiphenol through iodination, acetyl protection, coupling reaction and deacetylation protection. Then some polyimides (PIs) were obtained by one-pot polycondensation of diamne 4 with several commercial aromatic dianhydrides respectively. They all exhibit enhanced solubility in organic solvents (such as NMP, DMF, THF and CHCl3 etc.) at room temperature. Their number-average molecular weights are in the range of (2.1–3.7) × 104 g/mol with PDI from 2.25 to 2.74 by GPC. They can form transparent, tough and flexible films by solution-casting. The light transparency of them is higher than 90% in the visible light range from 400 nm to 760 nm and the cut-off wavelengths of UV–vis absorption are below 370 nm. They also display the outstanding thermal stability with the 5% weight loss temperature from 525 °C to 529 °C in nitrogen atmosphere. The glass transition temperatures (Tgs) are higher than 264 °C by DSC. XRD results demonstrate that these PIs are amorphous polymers with the lower water absorption (<0.66%). In summary, the incorporation of tert-butyl groups and multiple phenoxy units into the rigid PI backbones can endow them excellent solubility and transparency with relatively high Tgs.
tert-Butyl Multiple phenoxy units Polyimides Solubility Transparency
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The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial supports provided by the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2014CB643604), Shanghai Key Projects of Basic Research (No. 16JC1403600).
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