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Porous Carrageenan-g-polyacrylamide/bentonite superabsorbent composites: swelling and dye adsorption behavior

  • Ali PourjavadiEmail author
  • Zahrasadat Bassampour
  • Hossein Ghasemzadeh
  • Mojtaba Nazari
  • Leila Zolghadr
  • Seyed Hassan Hosseini
Original Paper

Abstract

A novel superabsorbent composite based on kappa-Carrageenan (κC) was prepared by graft copolymerization of acrylamide (AAm) onto κC in the presence of bentonite powder using methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinking agent, ammonium persulfate (APS) as an initiator, and sodium carbonate as a pore-forming agent. The swelling behavior in distilled water and in solutions with different pH values was investigated. The results indicated that with increasing carrageenan/bentonite weight ratio, the swelling capacity is increased but the gel content is decreased. The swelling rate of the hydrogels was improved by introducing sodium carbonate as pore-forming agent. The prepared superadsorbent composites were used as adsorbent for a cationic dye, methylene blue. Isotherm of adsorption and the effect of pH, adsorption dosage, contact time and initial dye concentration on dye adsorption were also studied. The results showed that maximum adsorption capacity of methylene blue on the prepared adsorbents is 156.25 mg g−1 and adsorption is well-described by Langmuir isotherm model.

Keywords

Superabsorbent hydrogel Bentonite Carrageenan Methylene blue Dye adsorption 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful for financial support by the Iran’s National Elites Foundation.

Supplementary material

10965_2016_955_MOESM1_ESM.docx (227 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 227 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Pourjavadi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zahrasadat Bassampour
    • 1
  • Hossein Ghasemzadeh
    • 2
  • Mojtaba Nazari
    • 1
  • Leila Zolghadr
    • 2
  • Seyed Hassan Hosseini
    • 1
  1. 1.Polymer Research Laboratory, Department of ChemistrySharif University of TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceImam Khomeini International UniversityQazvinIran

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