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Journal of Polymer Research

, 23:16 | Cite as

Flow-induced β-crystal of iPP in microinjection molding: effects of addition of UHMWPE and the processing parameters

  • Qianying Chen
  • Zhang Xiang
  • Qi YangEmail author
  • Miqiu Kong
  • Yajiang Huang
  • Xia Liao
  • Yanhua Niu
  • Zhongguo Zhao
Original Paper

Abstract

The flow-induced β-crystal of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) with addition of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) molded by microinjection and influences of processing parameters on the formation of β-crystal in iPP/UHMWPE microparts were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was found that the contents and the dispersion of UHMWE affect the formation of β-crystal in iPP/UHMWPE blend. With the addition of UHMWPE, Kβ values of the blends increased significantly compared with that of the pure iPP and reached the maximum at the content of 2 wt% UHMWPE. In addition, a better dispersion of UHMWPE can facilitate the formation of the β-crystal in the iPP/UHMWPE. The results showed that the thermal stability of the β-crystal was enhanced with increasing the mold temperature. When the mold temperature was increased from 60 to 120 °C, the β-crystal become more perfect. High injection speeds can promote the formation of the β-crystal, but the value of the injection speed must be within a certain range.

Keywords

Isotactic polypropylene Ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene Microinjection molding β-crystal Processing parameters 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This paper was financially supported by State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering (Grant No.sklpme2014-2-08), the National Science of China (51121001), Sichuan Youth Science and Technology Foundation (2015JQ0012).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qianying Chen
    • 1
  • Zhang Xiang
    • 1
  • Qi Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Miqiu Kong
    • 1
  • Yajiang Huang
    • 1
  • Xia Liao
    • 1
  • Yanhua Niu
    • 1
  • Zhongguo Zhao
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Polymer Science and Engineering, the State Key Laboratory for Polymer Material EngineeringSichuan UniversityChengduPeople’s Republic of China

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