Determination of the cross-linking degree of commercial ethylene-vinyl-acetate polymer by luminescence spectroscopy

  • Jan Caspar Schlothauer
  • Rojonirina Maryline Ralaiarisoa
  • Arnaud Morlier
  • Marc Köntges
  • Beate RöderEmail author
Original Paper


Ethylene-Vinyl-Acetate is the most common encapsulation polymer in photovoltaic modules. Its degree of crosslinking is a critical parameter of the production process, greatly influencing the durability of the product. The luminescence of Ethylene-Vinyl-Acetate with UV excitation is presented here as a non-destructive method to determine the degree of crosslinking. The luminescence intensity increases with the degree of crosslinking. Supposing a linear correlation the method allows determining the degree of crosslinking with a relative precision of 12 %. This optical method it is suitable and comparatively easy to apply for an industrial in-line measurement.


Luminescence Spectroscopy EVA Photovoltaics Cross-linking 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Caspar Schlothauer
    • 1
  • Rojonirina Maryline Ralaiarisoa
    • 1
  • Arnaud Morlier
    • 2
  • Marc Köntges
    • 2
  • Beate Röder
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Humboldt-Universität zu BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Solar Energy Research Hamelin (ISFH)EmmerthalGermany

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