Preparation of polymer networks for hydrogen storage using the Ullmann synthetic protocol

  • K. A. Shaffei
  • Ayman M. Atta
  • Clara S. B. Gomes
  • Pedro T. Gomes
  • R. A. El-Ghazawy
  • Abdallah G. Mahmoud
Original Paper

Abstract

Based on the Ullmann synthetic protocol, melamine-based porous organic networks, to be used for hydrogen storage, were prepared by a facile one-pot approach. These polymers were produced by condensation of melamine with different aryl halides under mild conditions, using a soluble copper(I) complex as catalyst. These materials exhibit Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface areas up to 19.8 m2/g as measured by N2 adsorption at 77 K, and exhibit gravimetric storage capacities up to 1.17 wt.%, at 20 bar and 77 K.

Keywords

Hydrogen storage Organic networks Ullmann coupling Porous polymers 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. A. Shaffei
    • 3
  • Ayman M. Atta
    • 2
    • 4
  • Clara S. B. Gomes
    • 1
  • Pedro T. Gomes
    • 1
  • R. A. El-Ghazawy
    • 4
  • Abdallah G. Mahmoud
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Centro de Química Estrutural, Departamento de Engenharia Química, Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.Surfactants Research Chair, Chemistry Department, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceHelwan UniversityAin HelwanEgypt
  4. 4.Petroleum Application DepartmentEgyptian Petroleum Research InstituteNasr cityEgypt

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