Electrical studies of nanocomposites consisting of MWNTs and polystyrene
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Multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)/polystyrene (PS) nanocomposites containing different concentrations of MWNTs were prepared by the solution evaporation method. Dispersion of MWNTs in PS was achieved by using ultrasonic energy. The structure of nanocomposites was investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The dielectric constant (ε′), dielectric loss (ε″), and ac conductivity (σ ac) were measured from room temperature to 100 °C over the frequency range 103 Hz–1.2 MHz. The results show that the dielectric properties depend on both frequency and temperature and they are enhanced by increasing the MWNTs content.