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Journal of Polymer Research

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 843–857 | Cite as

Effect of clay content and clay/surfactant on the mechanical, thermal and barrier properties of polystyrene/organoclay nanocomposites

  • Artee Arora
  • Veena ChoudharyEmail author
  • D. K. Sharma
Original Paper

Abstract

In the present paper, three ammonium salts namely, tetraethylammonium bromide (TEAB), tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB), and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) were employed to prepare organoclay by cation exchange process. Polystyrene (PS) /clay nanocomposites were prepared by melt blending using commercial nanoclay and organoclays prepared using above mentioned salts. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis indicated that the modified clays were intercalated and/or exfoliated into the polystyrene matrix to a higher extent than the commercial nanoclay. Further, amongst the modified organoclays, TBAB modified clay showed maximum intercalation of clay layers and also exfoliation to some extent into the polystyrene matrix. TEM micrograph exhibited that TBAB modified clay had the best nanoscale dispersion with clay platelet thickness of ∼6–7 nm only. The mechanical properties of the nanocomposites such as tensile, flexural and izod impact strength were measured and analyzed in relation to their morphology. We observed a significant improvement in the mechanical properties of polystyrene/clay nanocomposites prepared with modified clays as compared to commercial organoclay, which followed the order as; PS/TBAB system > PS/CTAB system > PS/TEAB system. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) demonstrated that T10, T50 and Tmax were more in case of polystyrene nanocomposites prepared using modified organoclays than nanoclay [nanolin DK4] and maximum being in the case of PS/CTAB system. The results of Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) confirmed that the glass transition temperature of all the nanocomposites was higher as compared to neat polystyrene. The nanocomposites having 2% of TBAB modified clay showed better oxygen barrier performance as compared to polystyrene.

Keywords

Polymer nanocomposites Melt blending Polystyrene Intercalation Exfoliation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Energy StudiesIndian Institute of TechnologyNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Polymer Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyNew DelhiIndia

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