How do Adolescents Learn Cyber-victimization Coping Skills? An Examination of Parent and Peer Coping Socialization

  • Stacey L. Bradbury
  • Eric F. Dubow
  • Sarah E. Domoff
Empirical Research


Recently, cyber-victimization has become an ever increasing concern for adolescents. Given the negative consequences of cyber-victimization, it is important to understand how adolescents learn strategies to cope (i.e., “coping socialization”) with cyber-victimization. The purpose of this study is to understand common coping strategies reported by adolescents, identify from whom youth learn cyber-victimization coping strategies (coaching), and explore how coaching is associated with adolescents’ self-reported use of coping. In a sample of 329 adolescents (49% male; 70% white), we found that positive coping strategies (e.g., problem solving, seeking social support) are used most frequently, and adolescents’ perceptions of both parent and peer coping socialization is associated with self-reported use of coping. Interventionists can use this information to adapt interventions to include influential positive socializers.


Adolescence Cyber-victimization Socialization Coping 


Authors’ Contributions

S.B. conceived of the study, participated in its design and data collection, performed statistical analyses, interpreted data, and engaged in and coordinated and drafted the manuscript; E.D. assisted in the conception of the study, participated in the design, statistical analyses, interpretation of the data, and participated in the drafting of the manuscript; S.D. participated in statistical analyses, data interpretation, and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Data Sharing Declaration

The datasets generated and/or analyzed during the current study are not publicly available but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stacey L. Bradbury
    • 1
    • 3
  • Eric F. Dubow
    • 1
  • Sarah E. Domoff
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyBowling Green State UniversityBowling GreenUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyCentral Michigan UniversityMt. PleasantUSA
  3. 3.Traumatic Stress CenterAkronUSA

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