Advertisement

Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 46, Issue 2, pp 358–375 | Cite as

Prevalence and Correlates of the Perpetration of Cyber Dating Abuse among Early Adolescents

  • Melissa F. PeskinEmail author
  • Christine M. Markham
  • Ross Shegog
  • Jeff R. Temple
  • Elizabeth R. Baumler
  • Robert C. Addy
  • Belinda Hernandez
  • Paula Cuccaro
  • Efrat K. Gabay
  • Melanie Thiel
  • Susan Tortolero Emery
Empirical Research

Abstract

Much is known about the prevalence and correlates of dating violence, especially the perpetration of physical dating violence, among older adolescents. However, relatively little is known about the prevalence and correlates of the perpetration of cyber dating abuse, particularly among early adolescents. In this study, using a predominantly ethnic-minority sample of sixth graders who reported ever having had a boyfriend/girlfriend (n = 424, 44.2 % female), almost 15 % reported perpetrating cyber dating abuse at least once during their lifetime. Furthermore, using a cross-sectional design, across multiple levels of the socio-ecological model, the individual-level factors of (a) norms for violence for boys against girls, (b) having a current boyfriend/girlfriend, and (c) participation in bullying perpetration were correlates of the perpetration of cyber dating abuse. Collectively, the findings suggest that dating violence interventions targeting these particular correlates in early adolescents are warranted. Future studies are needed to establish causation and to further investigate the relative importance of correlates of the perpetration of cyber dating abuse among early adolescents that have been reported among older adolescents.

Keywords

Cyber abuse Dating violence Technology Adolescents Perpetration 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Lionel Santibáñez for his editorial assistance.

Authors’ Contributions

MFP conceived the study, participated in the design and implementation of the project, participated in interpretation of data, and drafted the manuscript. CMM, RS, and JRT participated in the design of the study and assisted with development of measures. ERB and RCA performed statistical analyses and data management, respectively. BH and PC participated in the implementation of the study. EKG helped to draft the manuscript. MT coordinated the study. STE participated in the design of the project. All authors read and approved the manuscript.

Funding

This study was supported by a grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1R01CE002135). Registration at ClinicalTrials.gov is forthcoming.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

References

  1. Ali, B., Swahn, M., & Hamburger, M. (2011). Attitudes affecting physical dating violence perpetration and victimization: Findings from adolescents in a high-risk urban community. Violence and Victims, 26, 669–683.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bennett, D. C., Guran, E. L., Ramos, M. C., & Margolin, G. (2011). College students’ electronic victimization in friendships and dating relationships: Anticipated distress and associations with risky behaviors. Violence and Victims, 26, 410–429.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bowker, J. C., & Etkin, R. G. (2016). Evaluating the psychological concomitants of other-sex crush experiences during early adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45, 846–857.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Brown, B. B., Mounts, N., Lamborn, S. D., & Steinberg, L. (1993). Parenting practices and peer group affiliation in adolescence. Child Development, 64, 467–482.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Cauce, A. M., Felner, R. D., & Primavera, J. (1982). Social support in high-risk adolescents: Structural components and adaptive impact. American Journal of Community Psychology, 10, 417–428.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012). Understanding teen dating violence. [On-line]. http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/teen-dating-violence-factsheet-a.pdf. Accessed 16 September 2016.
  7. Chang, L. Y., Foshee, V. A., Reyes, H. L., Ennett, S. T., & Halpern, C. T. (2015). Direct and indirect effects of neighborhood characteristics on the perpetration of dating violence across adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44, 727–744.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Cleveland, H. H., Herrera, V. M., & Stuewig, J. (2003). Abusive males and abused females in adolescent relationships: Risk factor similarity and dissimilarity and the role of relationship seriousness. Journal of Family Violence, 18, 325–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Coker, A. L., Mckeown, R. E., Sanderson, M., Davis, K. E., Valois, R. F., & Huebner, E. S. (2000). Severe dating violence and quality of life among South Carolina high school students. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 19, 220–227.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Cutbush, S. (2012). Electronic aggression among adolescent dating partners: Associations with parent-child communication about social media use and other types of teen dating violence. San Francisco: American Public Health Association. https://apha.confex.com/apha/140am/webprogram/Paper268298.html. Accessed 16 September 2016.Google Scholar
  11. Cutbush, S., Ashley, O., Kan, M. L., & Hall, D. M. (2010). Electronic aggression among adolescent dating partners: Demographic correlates and associations with academic performance and other types of violence. Denver: American Public Health Association. https://apha.confex.com/apha/138am/webprogram/Paper229575.html.Google Scholar
  12. Cutbush, S., Williams, J., Miller, S., Gibbs, D., & Clinton-Sherrod, M. (2012). Electronic Dating aggression among middle school students: Demographic correlates and associations with other types of violence. Poster, San Francisco, CA: the American Public Health Association. https://www.rti.org/sites/default/files/resources/apha12_cutbush_poster.pdf. Google Scholar
  13. Dahlberg, L. L., Toal, S. B., Swahn, M., & Behrens, C. B. (2005). Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes, Behaviors, and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools. 2nd edn. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention.Google Scholar
  14. Dank, M., Lachman, P., Zweig, J. M., & Yahner, J. (2014). Dating violence experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 846–857.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Foshee, V. A., Bauman, K. E., Ennett, S. T., Suchindran, C., Benefield, T., & Linder, G. F. (2005). Assessing the effects of the dating violence prevention program “Safe dates” using random coefficient regression modeling. Prevention Science, 6, 245–258.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Foshee, V. A., Bauman, K. E., Linder, F., Rice, J., & Wilcher, R. (2007). Typologies of adolescent dating violence: Identifying typologies of adolescent dating violence perpetration. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22, 498–519.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Foshee, V. A., Bauman, K. E., & Linder, G. F. (1999). Family violence and the perpetration of adolescent dating violence: Examining social learning and social control processes. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61, 331–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Foshee, V. A., Benefield, T. S., Ennett, S. T., Bauman, K. E., & Suchindran, C. (2004). Longitudinal predictors of serious physical and sexual dating violence victimization during adolescence. Preventive Medicine, 39, 1007–1016.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Foshee, V. A., Benefield, T. S., Reyes, H. L., Ennett, S. T., Faris, R., & Chang, L., et al. (2013). The peer context and the development of the perpetration of adolescent dating violence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42, 471–486.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Foshee, V. A., Karriker-Jaffe, K. J., Reyes, H. L. M., Ennett, S. T., Suchindran, C., & Bauman, K. E., et al. (2008). What accounts for demographic differences in trajectories of adolescent dating violence? An examination of intrapersonal and contextual mediators. Journal of Adolescent Health, 42, 596–604.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Foshee, V. A., Linder, F., MacDougall, J. E., & Bangdiwala, S. (2001). Gender differences in the longitudinal predictors of adolescent dating violence. Preventive Medicine, 32, 128–141.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Foshee, V. A., McNaughton, R. L., Tharp, A. T., Chang, L. Y., Ennett, S. T., & Simon, T. R., et al. (2015). Shared longitudinal predictors of physical peer and dating violence. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56, 106–112.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Foshee, V. A., Naughton Reyes, H. L., Chen, M. S., Ennett, S. T., Basile, K. C., & DeGue, S., et al. (2016). Shared risk factors for the perpetration of physical dating violence, bullying, and sexual harassment among adolescents exposed to domestic violence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45, 672–686.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Foshee, V. A., Naughton Reyes, H. L., Vivolo-Kantor, A. M., Basile, K. C., Chang, L. Y., & Faris, R., et al. (2014). Bullying as a longitudinal predictor of adolescent dating violence. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55, 439–444.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. Foshee, V. A., Reyes, H. L., & Ennett, S. T. (2010). Examination of sex and race differences in longitudinal predictors of the initiation of adolescent dating violence perpetration. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma, 19, 492–516.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. Haugland, S., & Wold, B. (2001). Subjective health complaints in adolescence—reliability and validity of survey methods. Journal of Adolescence, 24, 611–624.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Haynie, D. L., Farhat, T., Brooks-Russell, A., Wang, J., Barbieri, B., & Iannotti, R. J. (2013). Dating violence perpetration and victimization among U.S. adolescents: Prevalence, patterns, and associations with health complaints and substance use. Journal of Adolescent Health, 53, 194–201.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. Hix-Small, H., Duncan, T. E., Duncan, S. C., & Okut, H. (2004). A multivariate associative finite growth mixture modeling approach examining adolescent alcohol and marijuana use. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 255–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hosmer, D. W., & Lemeshow, S. (2000). Applied logistic regression. 2nd edn. New York: John Wiley & Sons.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kann, L., Kinchen, S., Shanklin, S. L., Flint, K. H., Kawkins, J., & Harris, W. A., et al. (2014). Youth risk behavior surveillance—United States, 2013. MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 63(Suppl 4), 1–168.Google Scholar
  31. Korchmaros, J. D., Ybarra, M. L., Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J., Boyd, D., & Lenhart, A. (2013). Perpetration of teen dating violence in a networked society. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 16, 561–567.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. Laslo, D. E. (1998). The relationship between child coping, parent coping and psychosocial adjustment in children and adolescents with acute lymphocytic leukemia. Ontario Institute For Studies in Education, University of Toronto, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.Google Scholar
  33. Lavoie, F., Hebert, M., Tremblay, R., Vitaro, F., Vezina, L., & McDuff, P. (2002). History of family dysfunction and perpetration of dating violence by adolescent boys: A longitudinal study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 30, 375–383.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Lenhart, A. (2015). Teens, social media & technology overview 2015. [On-line]. http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/04/09/teens-social-media-technology-2015/. Accessed 16 September 2016.
  35. Lucero, J. L., Weisz, A. N., Smith-Darden, J., & Lucero, S. M. (2014). Exploring gender differences: Socially interactive technology use/abuse among dating teens. Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 29, 478–491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Melander, L. A. (2010). College students’ perceptions of intimate partner cyber harassment. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 13, 263–268.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Miller, S., Gorman-Smith, D., Sullivan, T., Orpinas, P., & Simon, T. R. (2009). Parent and peer predictors of physical dating violence perpetration in early adolescence: Tests of moderation and gender differences. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38, 538–550.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  38. Mumford, E. A., Liu, W., & Taylor, B. G. (2016). Parenting profiles and adolescent dating relationship abuse: Attitudes and experiences. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45, 959–972.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Niolon, P. H., Vivolo-Kantor, A. M., Latzman, N. E., Valle, L. A., Kuoh, H., & Burton, T., et al. (2015). Prevalence of teen dating violence and co-occurring risk factors among middle school youth in high-risk urban communities. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56, S5–13.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Noonan, R. K., & Charles, D. (2009). Developing teen dating violence prevention strategies: Formative research with middle school youth. Violence Against Women, 15, 1087–1105.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Orpinas, P., Hsieh, H. L., Song, X., Holland, K., & Nahapetyan, L. (2013). Trajectories of physical dating violence from middle to high school: Association with relationship quality and acceptability of aggression. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42, 551–565.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Oudekerk, B. A., Guarnera, L. A., & Reppucci, N. D. (2014). Older opposite-sex romantic partners, sexual risk, and victimization in adolescence. Child Abuse and Neglect, 38, 1238–1248.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Peskin, M. F., Markham, C. M., Shegog, R., Baumler, E. R., Addy, R. C., & Tortolero, S. R. (2014). Effects of the It’s Your Game … Keep It Real program on dating violence in ethnic-minority middle school youths: A group randomized trial. American Journal of Public Health, 104, 1471–1477.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  44. Pflieger, J. C., & Vazsonyi, A. T. (2006). Parenting processes and dating violence: The mediating role of self-esteem in low- and high-SES adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 29, 495–512.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Picard, P. (2007). Tech abuse in teen relationships. [On-line]. http://www.loveisrespect.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/liz-claiborne-2007-tech-relationship-abuse.pdf. Accessed 16 September 2016.
  46. Reed, E., Silverman, J. G., Raj, A., Decker, M. R., & Miller, E. (2011). Male perpetration of teen dating violence: Associations with neighborhood violence involvement, gender attitudes, and percieved peer and neighnorhood norms. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 88, 226–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Richards, T. N., Branch, K. A., & Ray, K. (2014). The impact of parental and peer social support on dating violence perpetration and victimization among female adolescents: A longitudinal study. Violence and Victims, 29, 317–331.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Sallis, J. F., & Owen, N. (2002). Ecological models of health behavior. In K. Glanz, B. K. Rimer, & F. M. Lewis (Eds.). Health promotion and health education: Theory, research, and practice. 3rd edn. (pp. 462–484). San Francisco: John Wiley & Son, Inc.Google Scholar
  49. Schnurr, M. P., & Lohman, B. J. (2013). The impact of collective efficacy on risks for adolescents’ perpetration of dating violence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42, 518–535.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Simon, T. R., Miller, S., Gorman-Smith, D., Orpinas, P., & Sullivan, T. (2010). Physical dating violence norms and behaviors among sixth-grade students from four U.S. sites. Journal of Early Adolescence, 30, 395–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Spirito, A., Francis, G., Overholser, J., & Frank, N. (1996). Coping, depression, and adolescent suicide attempts. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 147–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Spitzer, R. L., Kroenke, K., Williams, J. B., & Lowe, B. (2006). A brief measure for assessing generalized anxiety disorder: The GAD-7. Archives of Internal Medicine, 166, 1092–1097.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Stein, B. D., Jaycox, L. H., Langley, A., Kataoka, S. H., Wilkins, W. S., & Wong, M. (2007). Active parental consent for a school-based community violence screening: Comparing distribution methods. Journal of School Health, 77, 116–120.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Stonard, K. E., Bowen, E., Walker, K., & Price, S. A. (2015). “They’ll always find a way to get to you”: Technology use in adolescent romantic relationships and its role in dating violence and abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Advance Online Publication. doi: 10.1177/0886260515590787.
  55. Strassberg, D. S., McKinnon, R. K., Sustaita, M. A., & Rullo, J. (2013). Sexting by high school students: An exploratory and descriptive study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42, 15–21.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Taylor, B. G., & Mumford, E. A. (2014). A national descriptive portrait of adolescent relationship abuse: Results from the national survey on teen relationships and intimate violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 31, 963–988.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Temple, J. R., Choi, H. J., Brem, M., Wolford-Clevenger, C., Stuart, G. L., & Peskin, M. F., et al. (2016). The temporal association between traditional and cyber dating abuse among adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45, 340–349.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Temple, J. R., Shorey, R. C., Fite, P., Stuart, G. L., & Le, V. D. (2013). Substance use as a longitudinal predictor of the perpetration of teen dating violence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42, 596–606.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Tharp, A. T., & Noonan, R. K. (2012). Associations between three characteristics of parent-youth relationship, youth substance use, and dating attitudes. Health Promotion Practice, 13, 515–523.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Tourangeau, R., & Smith, T. W. (1996). Asking sensitive questions: The impact of data collection mode, question format, and question context. Public Opinion Quarterly, 60, 275–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Vazsonyi, A. T., Hibbert, J. R., & Sniker, J. B. (2003). Exotic enterprise no more? Adolescent reports of family and parenting processes from youth in four countries. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 13, 129–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Wang, J., Iannotti, R. J., & Nansel, T. R. (2009). School bullying among adolescents in the United States: Physical, verbal, relational, and cyber. Journal of Adolescent Health, 45, 368–375.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  63. Wolfe, D. A., Wekerle, C., Scott, K., Straatman, A. L., & Grasley, C. (2004). Predicting abuse in adolescent dating relationships over 1 year: The role of child maltreatment and trauma. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 113, 406–415.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Wright, M. F. (2015). Cyber aggression within adolescents’ romantic relationships: Linkages to parental and partner attachment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44, 37–47.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Yahner, J., Dank, M., Zweig, J. M., & Lachman, P. (2015). The co-occurrence of physical and cyber dating violence and bullying among teens. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30, 1079–1089.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Zweig, J. M., Dank, M., Lachman, P., & Yahner, J. (2013a). Technology, teen dating violence and abuse, and bullying. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.Google Scholar
  67. Zweig, J. M., Dank, M., Yahner, J., & Lachman, P. (2013b). The rate of cyber dating abuse among teens and how it relates to other forms of teen dating violence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42, 1063–1077.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Zweig, J. M., Lachman, P., Yahner, J., & Dank, M. (2014). Correlates of cyber dating abuse among teens. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 1306–1321.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melissa F. Peskin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christine M. Markham
    • 1
  • Ross Shegog
    • 1
  • Jeff R. Temple
    • 2
  • Elizabeth R. Baumler
    • 1
  • Robert C. Addy
    • 1
  • Belinda Hernandez
    • 1
  • Paula Cuccaro
    • 1
  • Efrat K. Gabay
    • 1
  • Melanie Thiel
    • 1
  • Susan Tortolero Emery
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research, Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral SciencesThe University of Texas School of Public Health at HoustonHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyThe University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) HealthGalvestonUSA

Personalised recommendations