Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 44, Issue 9, pp 1720–1734 | Cite as

Parental Knowledge is a Contextual Amplifier of Associations of Pubertal Maturation and Substance Use

  • Kristine Marceau
  • Caitlin C. Abar
  • Kristina M. Jackson
Empirical Research

Abstract

Earlier pubertal development and less parental knowledge have been linked to more substance use during adolescence. The present study examines interactions between pubertal timing and tempo and parental knowledge (children’s disclosure, parental control, and parental solicitation) for adolescent substance initiation. Data are from a northeastern US-based cohort-sequential study examining 1023 youth (52 % female) semiannually for up to 6 assessments (ages 10.5–19 years). The findings supported the hypothesis that lower knowledge is a contextual amplifier of early timing-substance use associations in girls and later timing/slower tempo-substance use associations in boys, though results varied based on source of knowledge. The findings suggest that prevention efforts may have the greatest impact when targeting families of early developing girls, and later developing boys, and that incorporating a focus on specific sources of knowledge depending on the pubertal maturation profile of the adolescent may prove valuable in prevention/intervention efforts.

Keywords

Pubertal timing Pubertal tempo Parental knowledge Adolescence Substance use 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Alcohol and Addiction StudiesBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.Rhode Island HospitalProvidenceUSA
  3. 3.SUNY BrockportBrockportUSA

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