Parent–Adolescent Conflict as Sequences of Reciprocal Negative Emotion: Links with Conflict Resolution and Adolescents’ Behavior Problems
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Although conflict is a normative part of parent–adolescent relationships, conflicts that are long or highly negative are likely to be detrimental to these relationships and to youths’ development. In the present article, sequential analyses of data from 138 parent–adolescent dyads (adolescents’ mean age was 13.44, SD = 1.16; 52 % girls, 79 % non-Hispanic White) were used to define conflicts as reciprocal exchanges of negative emotion observed while parents and adolescents were discussing “hot,” conflictual issues. Dynamic components of these exchanges, including who started the conflicts, who ended them, and how long they lasted, were identified. Mediation analyses revealed that a high proportion of conflicts ended by adolescents was associated with longer conflicts, which in turn predicted perceptions of the “hot” issue as unresolved and adolescent behavior problems. The findings illustrate advantages of using sequential analysis to identify patterns of interactions and, with some certainty, obtain an estimate of the contingent relationship between a pattern of behavior and child and parental outcomes. These interaction patterns are discussed in terms of the roles that parents and children play when in conflict with each other, and the processes through which these roles affect conflict resolution and adolescents’ behavior problems.
KeywordsEmotion Parent–adolescent Conflict Parenting Sequential analysis Family dynamics
The authors wish to acknowledge support for this research from the National Institute of Mental Health (1 R01 MH 60838) awarded to the third author and from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (1R01HD068522-02S1) awarded to the third author and Carlos Valiente.
AM conceptualized the hypotheses, analyzed the data, and wrote the final manuscript. ETG designed and supervised the research, coded the data, conceptualized the hypotheses, helped interpret the data, wrote some sections of the manuscript, and critically revised the manuscript for intellectual content. NE designed and supervised the research and critically revised the manuscript for intellectual content. TS supervised the research and critically revised the manuscript for intellectual content. CH, SL, and JL coded the data critically revised the manuscript for intellectual content. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest with respect to their authorship or the publication of this article. This study has been approved by the appropriate ethics committee and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments.
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