Parent–Child Discrepancies in Reports of Parental Monitoring and Their Relationship to Adolescent Alcohol-Related Behaviors
- 870 Downloads
Discrepancies between parents and adolescents regarding parenting behaviors have been hypothesized to represent a deficit in the parent–child relationship and may represent unique risk factors for poor developmental outcomes. The current study examined the predictive utility of multiple methods for characterizing discrepancies in parents’ and adolescents’ reports of parental monitoring on youth alcohol use behaviors in order to inform future study design and predictive modeling. Data for the current study came from a prospective investigation of alcohol initiation and progression. The analyzed sample consisted of 606 adolescents (6th–8th grade; 54 % female) and their parents were surveyed at baseline, with youth followed up 12 months later. A series of hierarchical logistic regressions were performed for each monitoring-related construct examined (parental knowledge, parental control, parental solicitation, and child disclosure). The results showed that adolescents’ reports were more closely related to outcomes than parents’ reports, while greater discrepancies were frequently found to be uniquely associated with greater likelihood of alcohol use behaviors. Implications for future work incorporating parents’ and adolescents’ reports are discussed.
KeywordsDiscrepancy Parental monitoring Parent Adolescent
This paper was written with funding support through the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism to K. Jackson (R01 AA016838).
CA conceived of the study, participated in its design and coordination, performed the statistical analysis, and drafted the manuscript; KJ participated in the design and interpretation of the data, helped with the statistical analysis, and helped to draft the manuscript; SC participated in the design and coordination of the study and helped to draft the manuscript; NB participated in the design and coordination of the study and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) (2004). Web-based injury statistics query and reporting system (WISQARS). http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/wisqars/default.htm.
- De Los Reyes, A., Goodman, K. L., Kliewer, W., & Reid-Quiñones, K. (2010). The longitudinal consistency of mother–child reporting discrepancies of parental monitoring and their ability to predict child delinquent behaviors two years later. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39, 1417–1430.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Jackson, C., Ennett, S. T., Dickinson, D. M., & Bowling, J. M. (2012). Letting children sip: Understanding why parents allow alcohol use by elementary school-aged children. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 17, 1–5.Google Scholar
- Kalina, O., Geckova, A. M., Klein, D., Jarcuska, P., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2013). Mother’s and father’s monitoring is more important that parental social support regarding sexual risk behavior among 15-year-old adolescents. The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care, 18, 95–103.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kopak, A. M., Ayers, S., Lopez, V., & Stevenson, P. (2011). Parental monitoring, alcohol, and marijuana use among Hispanic and non-Hispanic White adolescents: Findings from the Arizona Youth Survey. Journal of Drug Issues, 41, 461–486.Google Scholar
- Latendresse, S. J., Rose, R. J., Viken, R. J., Pulkkinen, L., Kaprio, J., & Dick, D. M. (2009). Parental socialization and adolescents’ alcohol use behaviors: Predictive disparities in parents’ versus adolescents’ perceptions of the parenting environment. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38, 232–244.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Pettit, G. S., Bates, J. E., Dodge, K. A., & Meece, D. W. (1999). The impact of after-school peer contact on early adolescent externalizing problems is moderated by parental monitoring, perceived neighborhood safety, and prior adjustment. Child Development, 70, 768–778.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Reidler, E. B., & Swenson, L. P. (2012). Discrepancies between youth and mother’s perceptions of their mother-child relationship quality and self-disclosure: Implications for youth- and mother-reported youth adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41, 1151–1167.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Reynolds, E. K., MacPherson, L., Matusiewicz, A. K., Schreiber, W. M., & Lejuez, C. W. (2011). Discrepancy between mother and child reports of parental knowledge and the relation to risk behavior engagement. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 40, 67–79.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar