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Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 419–430 | Cite as

The Effects of Ethnic/Racial Discrimination and Sleep Quality on Depressive Symptoms and Self-Esteem Trajectories Among Diverse Adolescents

  • Tiffany YipEmail author
Empirical Research

Abstract

Ethnic/racial discrimination has persistent negative implications for both physical and mental health. The current study employs a risk and resilience framework to explore the joint effects of ethnic/racial discrimination and sleep disturbance on psychosocial outcomes among adolescents. In a sample of 146 minority and White adolescents (70 % female), changes in depressive symptoms, anxiety, and self-esteem over 3 years are explored using growth curve models. Regardless of ethnic background, adolescents reporting high levels of ethnic/racial discrimination and poor sleep also reported a corresponding increase in depressive symptoms and lower levels of self-esteem over time. Adolescents reporting all other combinations of sleep quality and ethnic/racial discrimination reported more positive adjustment over time. The joint effects of sleep and ethnic/racial discrimination on adolescent psychosocial development are discussed.

Keywords

Ethnic/racial discrimination Sleep Depressive symptoms Self-esteem 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was funded by an NICHD (5R01HD055436) grant awarded to Tiffany Yip and J. Nicole Shelton (Princeton University).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyFordham UniversityBronxUSA

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