Longitudinal Disparities of Hazardous Drinking Between Sexual Minority and Heterosexual Individuals from Adolescence to Young Adulthood
- First Online:
- 867 Downloads
Sexual minority (lesbian and gay, bisexual, mostly heterosexual) individuals are at an increased risk for hazardous drinking than heterosexual individuals, but little is known about the nature of the disparities as adolescents reach adulthood. We used four waves of a nationally representative data set, the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), to examine disparities of hazardous drinking outcomes between sexual minority and heterosexual men and women from adolescence to young adulthood. Participants were 14–18 years old at the first assessment (N = 12,379; 53 % female) and 27–31 years old at the fourth assessment. At the fourth assessment, 13 % self-identified as sexual minority individuals, 16 % were Hispanic, and 36 % were of minority race, including primarily African Americans (60 %) and Asian Americans (18 %). There were clear hazardous drinking disparities between sexual minority individuals and heterosexual individuals over time. During adolescence, sexual minority individuals, particularly females, reported higher levels of hazardous drinking. As study participants reached adulthood, the magnitude of the hazardous drinking disparities increased among sexual minorities, sexual minority men in particular. Additional research is needed to better understand the developmental mechanisms that underlie the emerging sexual orientation related disparities of hazardous drinking in young adulthood.
KeywordsBisexual Gay Lesbian Longitudinal Hazardous drinking Alcohol
- Arnett, J., & Taber, S. (1994). Adolescence terminable and interminable: When does adolescence end? Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 23, 517–537.Google Scholar
- Austin, S. B., Roberts, A. L., Corliss, H. L., & Molnar, B. E. (2008). Sexual violence victimizatio history and sexual risk indices in a community-based urban cohort of “mostly heterosexual” and heterosexual young women. American Journal of Public Health. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2006.099473.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. New York: General Learning Press.Google Scholar
- Bollen, K. A., & Curran, P. J. (2006). Latent curve models: A structural equation approach. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Series in Probability and Mathematical Statistics.Google Scholar
- Caldwell, L. L., Kivel, B. D., Smith, E. A., & Hays, D. (1998). The leisure context of adolescents who are lesbian, gay male, bisexual, and questioning their sexual idenitities: An exploratory study. Journal of Leisure Research, 101(3), 895–902.Google Scholar
- Chantala, K. (2003). Introduction to analyzing Add Health data. http://www.cpc.unc.edu/projects/addhealth/files/analyze.pdf. Accessed December 7, 2011.
- Cochran, S. D., Grella, C. E., & Mays, V. M. (2012). Do substance use norms and perceived drug availability mediate sexual orientation differences in patterns of substance use? Results from the California Quality of Life Survey II. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 73(4), 675–685.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Friedman, M. S., Marshal, M. P., & Stall, R. (2008). Gay-related development, early abuse and adult health outcomes among gay males. AIDS & Behavior, 12(6), 897–902.Google Scholar
- Grant, B. F., Stinson, F. S., Dawson, D. A., Chou, S. P., Dufour, M. C., Compton, W., et al. (2004). Prevalence and co-occurrence of substance use disorders and independent mood and anxiety disorders: Results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions. Archives of General Psychiatry. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.61.8.807.Google Scholar
- Harris, K. M. (2009). The national longitudinal study of adolescent health (Add Health), waves I & II, 1994–1996; Wave 1II, 2001–2002; Wave 4, 2007–2009 Chapel Hill. NC: Carlonia Population Center.Google Scholar
- Hatzenbuehler, M. L., Corbin, W. R., & Fromme, K. (2011). Discrimination and alcohol-related problems among college students: A prospective examination of mediating effects. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 115(4). doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.11.002.
- Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6(1). doi:10.1080/10705519909540118.
- Institute of Medicine. (2011). The health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people: Building a foundation for better understanding. Washington, DC: The National Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., & Bachman, J. G. (2003). Monitoring the future: National survey results on drug use, 1975–2002, Vol. 1. NIH Publication No. 03-5375, Bethesda, MD: Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
- Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2010). Mplus 6.0 [Computer Software]. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.Google Scholar
- Naimi, T. S., Brewer, R. D., Mokdad, A., Denny, C., Serdula, M. K., & Marks, J. S. (2003). Binge drinking among US adults. Journal of the American Medical Association. doi:10.1001/jama.289.1.70.
- Read, J. P., Wood, M. D., & Capone, C. (2005). A prospective investigation of relations between social influences and alcohol involvement during the transition into college. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 66(1), 23–34.Google Scholar
- Robin, L., Brener, N. D., Donahue, S. F., Hack, T., Hale, K., & Goodenow, C. (2002). Associations between health risk behaviors and opposite-, same-, and both-sex sexual partners in representative samples of Vermont and Massachusetts high school students. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 156(4), 349–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Satorra, A., & Bentler, P. M. (2001). A scaled difference chi-square test statistic for moment structure analysis. Psychometrika, 66, 507–514.Google Scholar
- Trocki, K. F., Drabble, L., & Midanik, L. (2005). Use of heavier drinking contexts among heterosexuals, homosexuals and bisexuals: Results from a National Household Probability Survey. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 66(1), 105–110.Google Scholar
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2012). Healthy people 2020. Retrieved October 05 2012, from http://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/resources-and-publications/healthy-people-2020.html.
- Walder-Haugrud, L. K., Gratch, L. V., & Magruder, B. (1997). Victimization and perpetration rates of violence in gay and lesbian relationships: Gender issues explored. Violence and Victims, 12, 173–184.Google Scholar