Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 403–416 | Cite as

Motives for Using Facebook, Patterns of Facebook Activities, and Late Adolescents’ Social Adjustment to College

  • Chia-chen YangEmail author
  • B. Bradford Brown
Empirical Research


Previous studies have confirmed that Facebook, the leading social networking site among young people, facilitates social connections among college students, but the specific activities and motives that foster social adjustment remain unclear. This study examined associations between patterns of Facebook activity, motives for using Facebook, and late adolescents’ social adjustment to the college environment. Anonymous self-report survey data from 193 mostly European American students (M age = 20.32; 54 % female) attending a major Midwestern university indicated that motives and activity patterns were associated directly with social adjustment, but the association between one activity, status updating, and social adjustment also was moderated by the motive of relationship maintenance. Findings provide a more comprehensive portrait of how Facebook use may foster or inhibit social adjustment in college.


College Facebook Internet Loneliness Motives Peers Social adjustment 



C-cY conceived of the study, participated in its design and coordination, collected data, performed most of the statistical analyses, interpreted the results, and drafted the manuscript; BBB participated in the design and coordination of the study, performed statistical analyses, interpreted the results, and critically revised the manuscript. Both authors read and approved the final manuscript. This study was supported by a grant (#1878D41) to the second author from the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest with the sponsoring organization.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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