Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 167–178 | Cite as

Sexual Orientation, Partnership Formation, and Substance Use in the Transition to Adulthood

Empirical Research

Abstract

Evidence suggests that lesbian and gay young adults use substances more frequently than their heterosexual peers. Based on the life course perspective, we argue that this difference may be due to the unavailability of marriage as a turning point in the lives of lesbian/gay young adults. We use data from a nationally representative sample of youth (N = 13,581, 52.4% female, 68.6% white, ages 18—26) to examine sexual orientation differences in substance use and explore whether these differences vary by romantic partnership formation in young adulthood. We find that the formation of more serious partnerships (e.g., cohabitation, marriage) is associated with less frequent substance use among heterosexual young adults, though this pattern does not hold for lesbian and gay young adults. We conclude that the partnership options available to lesbians and gay men do not provide the same health-protective benefits that marriage does for heterosexuals.

Keywords

Transition to adulthood Substance use Lesbian/gay Marriage Partnership formation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Social WorkUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Labor and Population DivisionRAND CorporationSanta MonicaUSA

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