Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 694–706

Associations of Parental and Peer Characteristics with Adolescents’ Social Dominance Orientation

Empirical Research

DOI: 10.1007/s10964-010-9585-7

Cite this article as:
Cross, J.R. & Fletcher, K.L. J Youth Adolescence (2011) 40: 694. doi:10.1007/s10964-010-9585-7


Studies with adults of social dominance orientation (SDO), a preference for inequality among social groups, have found correlations with various prejudices and support for discriminatory practices. This study explores the construct among adolescents at an age when they are beginning to recognize the social groups in their environment, particularly adolescent crowds. The relationship of SDO and perceptions of parents’ responsiveness and demandingness were also investigated. Subjects were in grades 9–12 (N = 516, 53% female, 96% White). Mother’s and father’s responsiveness significantly predicted adolescent’s SDO scores, with greater perceived responsiveness associated with lower SDO. To analyze the multiple crowd memberships of the 76% belonging to more than one crowd, two-step cluster analysis was used to identify patterns, resulting in 8 clusters of distinct, heterogeneous composition. SDO differed significantly among males in different clusters, but not females. The importance of membership was positively associated with SDO among high-status crowds and negatively associated with SDO among the academic and normal crowds. The findings have implications for prejudices that may be developing in adolescence and indicate a need for further research into the social context of SDO and its development.


Crowd Parenting Social dominance orientation Social cognition 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Gifted EducationThe College of William and MaryWilliamsburgUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational Psychology, Teachers College, Room 524Ball State UniversityMuncieUSA

Personalised recommendations