Characteristics and Co-occurrence of Adolescent Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Suicidal Behaviours in Pediatric Emergency Crisis Services
- First Online:
- 645 Downloads
During the potentially tumultuous adolescent period, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts are relatively common, particularly amongst youth who present to mental health services. These phenomena frequently co-occur but their relationship is unclear. This study evaluated clinical data from 468 youth between the ages of 12 and 17 years (63.5% female) to determine the incidence of NSSI 24 h prior to presentation at emergency crisis services, evaluated the overlap between NSSI and suicide attempt, and examined the characteristics of different types of self-harm. Half of the adolescents presenting to emergency crisis services had self-harmed within the previous 24 h, with most of these (91%) classified as NSSI only. The percentage of youth with a suicide attempt was 5% and the co-occurrence of these two behaviours was 4%. Group differences in depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation and impulsivity were identified, with the co-occurring NSSI and suicide attempt group presenting with the highest level of psychopathology. This study underscores the necessity of assessing suicidal ideation and NSSI in all youth presenting to mental health services.
KeywordsAdolescents Non-suicidal self-injury Suicide Emergency crisis services
- Champlain LHIN. (2006). Socio-Economic Indicators Atlas. Retrieved August 15, 2008, from http://www.champlainlhin.on.ca/lhinresearch.aspx?ekmensel=e2f22c9a_72_206_132_4.
- Cheung, A. H., & Dewa, C. S. (2007). Mental health service use among adolescents and young adults with major depressive disorder and suicidality. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 52, 228–232.Google Scholar
- Heath, N. L., Schaub, K., Holly, S., & Nixon, M-K. (2008). Self-injury today: Review of population and clinical studies in adolescents. In M-K Nixon & N. S. Heath (Eds.), Self-injury in youth: The essential guide to assessment and intervention (pp. 9–27).Google Scholar
- Kovacs, M. (1992). Manual for the children’s depression inventory. North Tonawanda, NJ: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar
- Lofthouse, N. L., Muehlenkamp, J. J., & Adler, R. (2008). Nonsuicidal self-injury and co-occurrence. In M.-K. Nixon & N. L. Heath (Eds.), Self-injury in youth: The essential guide to assessment and intervention (pp. 59–78). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Lyons, J. S. (1998). The severity and acuity of psychiatric illness scales. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
- Maris, R. W., Berman, A. L., & Silverman, M. M. (2000). Comprehensive textbook of suicidology. New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Walsh, B. W. (2006). Treating self-injury: A practical guide. New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar