Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 37, Issue 7, pp 812–820 | Cite as

Associations among Overt and Relational Victimization and Adolescents’ Satisfaction with Friends: The Moderating Role of the Need for Affective Relationships with Friends

  • Gianluca GiniEmail author
Empirical Research


In this study, we analyzed the relationships among overt and relational victimization and adolescents’ satisfaction with friends. We also tested the influence of the need for affective relationships with friends. A total of 409 Italian adolescent boys and girls (age range = 14–16, M = 15.02 years, SD = 2.58) completed a self-report measure of overt and relational victimization, a measure of satisfaction with friends, and a scale to assess the individual need for affective relationships. A negative association between both forms of victimization and levels of satisfaction with friends was found. As hypothesized, the need for affective relationships with friends moderated the relation between relational, but not overt, victimization and satisfaction with friends: Adolescents who reported more need for affective relationships reported the lowest levels of satisfaction when relationally victimized.


Overt and relational victimization Friendship Well-being Life satisfaction Adolescence 



I gratefully acknowledge the school personnel and the participants for their important collaboration. Moreover, I am very grateful to (in alphabetical order) Gianmarco Altoè, Marina Camodeca and Alessio Vieno for their comments on an earlier draft of this article. Part of the present work was supported by a grant from the University of Padua (CPDA058273).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Developmental and Social PsychologyUniversity of PaduaPadovaItaly

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