Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 74–84 | Cite as

Longitudinal Effects of Perceived Maternal Approval on Sexual Behaviors of Asian and Pacific Islander (API) Young Adults

  • Hyeouk HahmEmail author
  • Jieha Lee
  • Lisa Zerden
  • Al Ozonoff
  • Maryann Amodeo
  • Chris Adkins
Empirical Research


Data were obtained from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to examine the longitudinal association between Asian and Pacific Islander (API) adolescents’ perceptions of maternal approval of their sexual activity and contraception use, and four sexual outcomes during young adulthood. The study includes a nationally representative sample of 1,195 API adolescents. Logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the associations between predictors (Wave I) and outcomes (Wave III), controlling for covariates. API adolescents who perceived that their mothers approved of their sexual activities were more likely to have engaged in sex before age 15, contracted HIV/Sexually Transmitted Diseases, had multiple sex partners, and paid money for sex during young adulthood. Findings highlight the need for parent–adolescent communication and parental involvement in preventing negative sexual health outcomes among API adolescents transitioning to young adulthood.


Maternal approval Adolescent sexual risk behaviors HIV/STDs API Asian Americans Asian culture Adolescents’ perception Contraception Asian American sexuality Health risk behaviors 



This study was supported by a Dean’s Award from the Boston University School of Social Work. This research uses data from Add Health, designed by J. Richard Udry, Peter S. Bearman, and Kathleen Mullan Harris, and funded by grant P01-HD31921 from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, with cooperative funding from 17 other agencies. Special acknowledgement is due to Ronald R. Rindfuss and Barbara Entwisle for assistance in the original design. To obtain data files from Add Health, go to or contact Add Health, Carolina Population Center, 123 West Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516-2524.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyeouk Hahm
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jieha Lee
    • 1
  • Lisa Zerden
    • 1
  • Al Ozonoff
    • 2
  • Maryann Amodeo
    • 1
  • Chris Adkins
    • 1
  1. 1.Boston University School of Social WorkBostonUSA
  2. 2.Boston University School of Public HealthBostonUSA

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