Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 37, Issue 8, pp 893–905

Reciprocal relationships between symptoms of depression and parental support during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood

Original Paper


This study applies latent growth curve analysis to data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n = 10,828) and finds that symptoms of depression and social support interact with one another in a dynamic fashion across the transition from adolescence (mean age at Wave 1 = 15.28 years) to young adulthood (mean age at Wave 3 = 21.65 years). Parental support during adolescence is inversely associated with initial symptoms of depression for girls and boys, although adolescent girls with low levels of parental support begin the study period with significantly higher levels of depressive symptomatology than their male counterparts. In addition, adolescents who begin the study period with higher levels of depressive symptomatology report less parental support during young adulthood. Finally, regardless of their initial level of depressive symptoms, girls and boys who experience increased symptoms of depression over time also report lower levels of parental support at the end of the study period.


Depression Social support Gender differences Transition to young adulthood 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society ScholarUniversity of CaliforniaSan Francisco, BerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Center for Health and CommunityUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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