Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 949–958 | Cite as

Lying Behavior, Family Functioning and Adjustment in Early Adolescence

  • Rutger C. M. E. EngelsEmail author
  • Catrin Finkenauer
  • Dyana C. van Kooten
Original Paper


Communication between children and parents has been the subject of several studies, examining the effects of, for example, disclosure and secrecy on adolescents’ social relationships and adjustment. Less attention has paid to adolescent deception. We developed and tested a new instrument on lying behavior in a sample of 671 parent-adolescent couples. Analyses on the psychometric properties showed that this instrument had one principal component, and high internal consistency, item-total correlations and inter-item correlations. Lying was moderately associated with other indicators of parent-child communication, the quality of the parent-child relationship, and with parenting practices. In addition, frequent lying was moderately related to behavioral problems and emotional problems.


Adolescents Lying Parents Communication Adjustment 



Rutger Engels was supported by a fellowship of the Dutch Organization of Scientific Research during the preparation of this manuscript. We would like to acknowledge a grant of the Department of Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, for conducting the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rutger C. M. E. Engels
    • 1
    Email author
  • Catrin Finkenauer
    • 2
  • Dyana C. van Kooten
    • 3
  1. 1.Behavioural Science InstituteRadboud University NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Free UniversityAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Utrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

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