Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 697–710 | Cite as

Adolescents’ time use: Effects on substance use, delinquency and sexual activity

  • Grace M. BarnesEmail author
  • Joseph H. Hoffman
  • John W. Welte
  • Michael P. Farrell
  • Barbara A. Dintcheff
Original Paper


Using an integration of social control theory and the routine activity perspective, adolescent time use was examined for effects on problem behaviors. We examined a wide variety of time use categories, including homework, extracurricular activities, sports time, alone time, paid work, housework, television watching, as well as indices of family time and peer time, for their effects on heavy alcohol use, cigarette smoking, illicit drug use, delinquency and sexual activity. The study employed a representative household sample of adolescents (n=606) and took into account important sociodemographic factors – gender, age, race (Black and White), and socioeconomic status. The most important predictors of adolescent problem behaviors were family time and peer time. Family time serves as a protective factor against all five problem behaviors while peer time is a highly significant risk factor for all five problem behaviors.


Adolescent Alcohol Substance use Delinquency Time use 



This research was funded by grants AA06925 and AA09425 from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. We thank Mary Monin for assistance with manuscript preparation and numerous project staff for high quality data collection.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Grace M. Barnes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joseph H. Hoffman
    • 1
  • John W. Welte
    • 1
  • Michael P. Farrell
    • 2
  • Barbara A. Dintcheff
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute on AddictionsUniversity at Buffalo, The State University of New YorkBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity at Buffalo, The State University of New YorkBuffaloUSA

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