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Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 34, Issue 6, pp 651–661 | Cite as

A Prospective Study of Individual Factors in the Development of Weight and Muscle Concerns Among Preadolescent Children

  • Marissa Saling
  • Lina A. Ricciardelli
  • Marita P. McCabe
Article

Abstract

The present study was designed to assess body mass index (BMI), self-esteem, parent and peer relations, negative affect, and perfectionism, as predictors of dieting, food preoccupation, and muscle preoccupation, in 326 preadolescent children (150 girls and 176 boys) aged between 8 and 10 years. Preadolescents were tested twice over a 10-month period. BMI was found to be the main predictor of girls' and boys' dieting, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Perfectionism was an important predictor of boys' dieting and muscle preoccupation, while self-esteem, peer relations and negative affect predicted girls' muscle preoccupation. The findings are discussed in relation to past research with both preadolescents and adolescents.

Key Words

weight and muscle concerns preadolescent children self-esteem parent and peer relations perfectionism 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marissa Saling
    • 1
  • Lina A. Ricciardelli
    • 2
  • Marita P. McCabe
    • 3
  1. 1.Deakin UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.School of PsychologyDeakin UniversityBurwoodAustralia
  3. 3.Deakin UniversityAustralia

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