Adolescent Boys and Body Image: Weight and Muscularity Concerns as Dual Pathways to Body Dissatisfaction
- 1.4k Downloads
This research evaluated a dual pathway model for body dissatisfaction among adolescent boys. The study provides empirical support for the importance of distinguishing between weight and muscularity concerns in understanding male body image. A total of 128 boys from grades 8 and 11 completed a self-report questionnaire. Results indicated that weight and muscularity concerns each made unique contributions to body dissatisfaction and were associated with distinct individual and peer context characteristics. Weight concern was associated with elevated BMI and more frequent appearance conversations with friends. Muscularity concern was significantly greater among boys who reported more frequent muscle-building conversations, had lower BMI, and were older. The results support the importance of distinguishing between and assessing both muscularity and weight concerns in the development of body image dissatisfaction among adolescent boys.
Key Wordsbody image adolescent boys muscularity weight concerns BMI
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Fisher, E., Dunn, M., Thompson, J. K. (2002). Social comparison and body image: An investigation of body comparison processes using multidimensional scaling. J. Soc. Clin. Psychol. 21: 566–579.Google Scholar
- Garner, D. M., Olmstead, M. P., and Polivy, J. (1983). Development and validation of a multidimensional eating disorder inventory for anorexia nervosa and bulimia. Int. J. Eat. Disord. 2: 15–34.Google Scholar
- Jones, D. C. (2004). Body image among adolescent girls and boys: A longitudinal study. Dev. Psychol. 40: 823–835Google Scholar
- Jones, D. C., Vigfusdottir, T. H., and Lee, Y. (2004). Body image and the appearance culture among adolescent girls and boys: An examination of friend conversations, peer criticism, appearance magazines, and the internalization of appearance ideals. J. Adolesc. Res. 19: 323–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- McCreary, D. R., Sasse, D. K., Saucier, D. M., and Dorsch, K. D. (2004). Measuring the Drive for Muscularity: Factorial validity of the Drive for Muscularity Scale in men and women. J. Am. Coll. Health 48: 297–304.Google Scholar
- Rauste-vonWright, M. (1989). Body image satisfaction in adolescent girls and boys: A longitudinal study. J. Youth Adolesc. 18: 71–83.Google Scholar
- Ricciardelli, L. A., and McCabe, M. P. (2004). A biopsychosocial model of disordered eating and the pursuit of muscularity in adolescent boys. Psychologic. Bull. 130: 179–205.Google Scholar
- Tabachnick, B. G., and Fidell, L. S. (1996). Using Multivariate Statistics (3rd edn.). HarperCollins, New York.Google Scholar
- Thompson, J. K., Heinberg, L. J., Altabe, M., and Tantleff-Dunn, S. (1999). Exacting beauty: Theory, assessment, and treatment of body image disturbances. American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.Google Scholar