Advertisement

Journal of World Prehistory

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 25–73 | Cite as

An Archaeological Review of Western New Guinea

  • Duncan WrightEmail author
  • Tim DenhamEmail author
  • Denis Shine
  • Mark Donohue
Article

Abstract

Western New Guinea constitutes a frontier zone physically, politically, culturally and conceptually between Island Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Despite this pivotal position, archaeological information for the region is scarce due to limited investigations, limited publication and the multilingual nature of publications. Consequently, little archaeological information about western New Guinea has percolated into the mainstream literature. This paper aims to fill this gap and provides a detailed review of archaeological research, including rock art, published in Dutch, English, French, German and Indonesian. The resultant findings are discussed in terms of continuities and discontinuities with Papua New Guinea and Island Southeast Asia.

Keywords

Archaeology Rock art Western New Guinea (West Papua, Irian Jaya) Melanesia Island Southeast Asia 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Pamela Swadling, Michael Cookson, and Chris Ballard (Australian National University) for providing us with translated texts and Christian Döhler (also ANU) for additional translations. Kara Rasmanis assisted with illustrations. The paper was improved by comments from Pamela Swadling and two anonymous referees. The work was funded by an Australian Research Council Discovery Grant awarded to Donohue and Denham (DP1093191).

References

  1. Agogino, G. (1979). Book review of Watson, V., and Cole, J. D. 1977. ‘Prehistory of the eastern highlands of New Guinea’. Man, 14, 756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andaya, L. Y. (2001). The search for the ‘origins’ of Melayu. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 32(3), 315–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aplin, K. (1998). Late Pleistocene to modern vertebrate faunal succession and environmental change in lowland New Guinea: Evidence from the Bird’s Head of Irian Jaya, Indonesia. In J. Miedema, C. Ode, & R. A. Dam (Eds.), Perspectives on the Bird’s Head of Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Proceedings of the Conference, Leiden, 13–17 October 1997 (pp. 803–890), Rodopi: Amsterdam, Atlanta.Google Scholar
  4. Aplin, K., Pasveer, J., & Boles, W. (1999). Late Quaternary vertebrates from the Bird’s Head Peninsula, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, including descriptions of two previously unknown mammal species. Records of the Western Australia Museum, 57, 351–387.Google Scholar
  5. Arifin, K., & Delanghe, P. (2004). Rock Art in West Papua. Paris: UNESCO Publishing.Google Scholar
  6. van Baal, J., Galis, K. W., & Koentjaraningrat, R. M. (1984). West Irian: A bibliography. Dordrecht, Holland: Foris Publications.Google Scholar
  7. Ballard, C. (1992). Painted rock art sites in western Melanesia: Locational evidence for an ‘Austronesian’ tradition. In J. McDonald & I. Kaskovec (Eds.), State of the art: Regional rock art studies in Australia and Melanesia (pp. 94–106). Melbourne: Aura Publication.Google Scholar
  8. Ballard, C., Bradley, R., Myhre, L. N., & Wilson, M. (2003). The ship as symbol in the prehistory of Scandinavia and Southeast Asia. World Archaeology, 35, 385–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bedford, S., & Spriggs, M. (2007). Birds on the rim: A unique Lapita carinated vessel in its wider context. Archaeology in Oceania, 42, 12–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bellwood, P. (1997). Prehistory of the Indo-Malaysian archipelago. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press.Google Scholar
  11. Bellwood, P. (2009). The dispersals of established food-producing populations. Current Anthropology, 50, 621–626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Berger-Kirchner, L. (1970). The rock art of West New Guinea. In H. G. Bandi (Ed.), The art of the Stone Age (pp. 231–239). London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  13. Bintarti, D. D. (1982). Mungkinkah Doyo Lama merupakan sebuah situs prasejarah. Lipi, PIA 1980: 709–714.Google Scholar
  14. Bintarti, D. D. (1985). Prehistoric bronze objects in Indonesia. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association, 6, 64–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Birdsell, J. B. (1977). The recalibration of a paradigm for the first peopling of Greater Australia. In J. Allen, J. Golson, & R. Jones (Eds.), Sunda and Sahul (pp. 113–168). London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  16. Bone, R. C. (1958). The Dynamics of the Western New Guinea (Irian Barat) Problem. New York: Department of Far Eastern Studies, Cornell University.Google Scholar
  17. Bourke, R. M., & Harwood, T. (Eds.). (2009). Food and agriculture in Papua New Guinea. Canberra: Land Management Group, Australian National University.Google Scholar
  18. Bulbeck, D. (2008). An integrated perspective on the Austronesian diaspora: The switch from cereal agriculture to maritime foraging in the colonisation of Island Southeast Asia. Australian Archaeology, 67, 31–51.Google Scholar
  19. Bulmer, S. (1991). Variation and change in stone tools in the highlands of Papua New Guinea: The witness of Wanelek. In A. Pawley (Ed.), Man and a half: Essays in pacific anthropology and ethnobiology in honour of Ralph Bulmer (pp. 470–478). Auckland: Polynesian Society.Google Scholar
  20. Bulmer, S., & Clarke, W. C. (1970). Two stone spear or dagger heads from the Bismarck Mountains, New Guinea. Records of the Papua and New Guinea Museum, 1, 42–46.Google Scholar
  21. Cator, W. J. (1939). Rotsteekeningen in West Nieuw Guinea. Cultureel Indie, 1, 246–259.Google Scholar
  22. Chaloupka, G. (1993). Journey in time: The world’s longest continuing art tradition. Chatswood, NSW: Reed Publishers.Google Scholar
  23. Chappell, J. (2005). Geographic changes of coastal lowlands in the Papuan past. In A. Pawley, R. Attenborough, J. Golson, & R. Hide (Eds.), Papuan pasts: Cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples (pp. 525–540). Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.Google Scholar
  24. van der Crab, P. (1864). Reis naar de Zuidwestkust van Nieuw-Guinea de Goram- en Ceram-Laut Eilanden en Oostelijk Ceram. In van Kunsten, B., and Wetenschappen, A. Tijdschrift voor Indische taal-, land-, en volkenkunde, Vol. 13, pp. 531–556.Google Scholar
  25. De Bruyn, J. (1920). Schouten en Padaido-eilanden (Shouten and Podaido Islands). Mededeelingen Encyclopaedisch Bureau, 21, 35.Google Scholar
  26. De Bruyn, J. (1959). New archaeological finds at Lake Sentani. Nieuw Guinea Studien, 3, 1–8.Google Scholar
  27. De Bruyn, J. (1962). New bronze finds at Kwadeware, Lake Sentani. Nieuw Guinea Studien, 6, 61–62.Google Scholar
  28. Denham, T. P. (2007). Thinking about plant exploitation in New Guinea: Towards a contingent interpretation of agriculture. In T. P. Denham, J. Iriarte, & L. Vrydaghs (Eds.), Rethinking agriculture: Archaeological and ethnoarchaeological perspectives (pp. 78–108). Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.Google Scholar
  29. Denham, T. P. (2010). From domestication histories to regional prehistory: Using plants to re-evaluate early and mid-Holocene interaction between New Guinea and Southeast Asia. Food and History, 8, 3–22.Google Scholar
  30. Denham, T. P. (2011). Early agriculture and plant domestication in New Guinea and Island Southeast Asia. Current Anthropology, 52, S379–S395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Denham, T. P. (in press). New Guinea during the Holocene. In P. Bahn & C. Renfrew (Eds.), The Cambridge world prehistory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (forthcoming 2013).Google Scholar
  32. Denham, T. P., & Donohue, M. (2009). Pre-Austronesian dispersal of banana cultivars west from New Guinea: Linguistic relics from eastern Indonesia. Archaeology in Oceania, 44, 18–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Denham, T. P., & Haberle, S. (2008). Agricultural emergence and transformation in the Upper Wahgi valley during the Holocene: Theory, method and practice. The Holocene, 18, 499–514.Google Scholar
  34. Denham, T. P., Fullagar, R., & Head, L. (2009). Plant exploitation on Sahul: From colonisation to the emergence of regional specialisation during the Holocene. Quaternary International, 202, 29–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Denham, T. P., Haberle, S., Lentfer, C., Fullagar, R., Field, J., Therin, M., et al. (2003). Origins of agriculture at Kuk Swamp in the highlands of New Guinea. Science, 301, 189–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Denham, T. P., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Specht, J. (2012). Dating the appearance of Lapita pottery in the Bismarck Archipelago and its dispersal to Remote Oceania. Archaeology in Oceania.Google Scholar
  37. Donohue, M., & Denham, T. P. (2009). Banana (Musa spp.) domestication in the Asia–Pacific region: Linguistic and archaeological perspectives. Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 7, 293–332.Google Scholar
  38. Donohue, M., & Denham, T. P. (2010). Island Southeast Asia during the mid-Holocene: Reframing Austronesian history. Current Anthropology, 51, 223–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ellen, R. F., & Glover, I. C. (1974). Pottery manufacture and trade in the Central Moluccas, Indonesia: The modern situation and the historical implications. Man, 9, 353–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Elmberg, J. E. (1959). Further notes on the northern Mejbrats (Vogelkop, Western New Guinea). Ethnos: Journal of Anthropology, 24, 70–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Fairbainks, R. J. (1989). A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: Influence on glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep-ocean circulation. Nature, 342, 637–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Fairbairn, A. S., Hope, G. S., & Summerhayes, G. R. (2006). Pleistocene occupation of New Guinea’s highland and subalpine environments. World Archaeology, 38, 371–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Flannery, T. F. (1992). New Pleistocene marsupials (Macropodidae, Diprotodontidae) from subalpine habitats in Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, 16, 321–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Flannery, T. (1999). The Pleistocene mammal fauna of Kelangurr Cave, central montane Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Records of the Western Australia Museum, 57, 341–350.Google Scholar
  45. Galis, K. W. (1950). Nieuwe rotstekening-vondst op Nederlands Nieuw-Guinea (pp. 14–18). Oudheidkundig Verslag: Leiden.Google Scholar
  46. Galis, K. W. (1953). Geschiedenis. In K. W. Klein (Ed.), Nieuw Guinea: De ontwikkeling op economisch social en cultureel gebied, in Nederlands en Australisch Nieuw Guinea. The Hague: Stadtsdrukkerij.Google Scholar
  47. Galis, K. W. (1954). Een stenen artefact van Nederlands Nieuw-Guinea. Bijdragen tot de Taal, Land en Volkenkunde, 110, 281–283.Google Scholar
  48. Galis, K. W. (1956). Ouheidkundig onderzoek in Nederlands Nieuw-Guinea. Bijdragen tot de Taal, Land en Volkenkunde, 112, 271–285.Google Scholar
  49. Galis, K. W. (1957a). Nieuwe rotstekening ontdekt. Bijdragen tot de Taal, Land en Volkenkunde, 113, 206–209.Google Scholar
  50. Galis, K. W. (1957b). De grotten van Jaand. Nieuw Guinea Studien, 1, 118–129.Google Scholar
  51. Galis, K. W. (1957c). De Pinfeloe-grot nabij Tinda. Nieuw Guinea Studien, 1, 118–129.Google Scholar
  52. Galis, K. W. (1957d). Oude fortificatie ontdekt. Nieuw Guinea Studien, 1, 324–326.Google Scholar
  53. Galis, K. W. (1958). Het Fort te Jembekaki. Nieuw Guinea Studien, 2, 206–222.Google Scholar
  54. Galis, K. W. (1960). Nieuwe bronsvondsten in het Sentani-district. Bijdragen tot de Taal, Land en Volkenkunde, 116, 270–278.Google Scholar
  55. Galis, K. W. (1961). Eerste rotsgraveringen in Nederlands Nieuw-Guinea ontdekt. Bijdragen tot de Taal, Land en Volkenkunde, 117, 464–475.Google Scholar
  56. Galis, K. W. (1964). Recent oudheidkundig nieuws uit Westelijk Nieuw-Guinea. Bijdragen tot de Taal, Land en Volkenkunde, 120, 245–275.Google Scholar
  57. Geyh, M. A., Kudrass, H. A., & Streif, H. (1979). Sea level changes during the late Pleistocene and Holocene in the Malacca Strait of Malacca. Nature, 278, 441–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Golson, J. (1972). Both sides of the Wallace Line: New Guinea, Australia, Island Melanesia and Asian Prehistory. In: N. Barnard (Ed.), Early Chinese art and its possible influence in the Pacific basin: A symposium arranged by the Department of Art History and Archaeology, Columbia University, New York City, August 21–25, 1967. Intercultural Arts Press, New York.Google Scholar
  59. Golson, J. (2000). A stone bowl fragment from the Early Middle Holocene of the Upper Wahgi Valley, Western Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. In A. Anderson & T. Murray (Eds.), Australian archaeologist: Collected papers in honour of Jim Allen (pp. 231–248). Canberra: Australian National University, Coombs Academic Publishing.Google Scholar
  60. Grove, R., & Chappell, J. (Eds.). (2000). El Nino: History and Crisis: Studies from the Asia-Pacific Region. Cambridge: White Horse Press.Google Scholar
  61. Haberle, S. G. (2003). The emergence of an agricultural landscape in the highlands of New Guinea. Archaeology in Oceania, 38, 149–159.Google Scholar
  62. Haberle, S. G., Hope, G. S., & Defretes, Y. (1991). Environmental change in the Baliem Valley, Montane Irian Jaya, Republic of Indonesia. Journal of Biogeography, 18, 25–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Haberle, S. G., Hope, G. S., & van der Kaars, S. (2001). Biomass burning in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea: Natural and human induced fire events in the fossil record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 171, 259–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Hampton, O. W. (Bud). (1999). Culture of stone: Sacred and profane uses of stone among the Dani. University Anthropology Series 2, Texas: A&M University Press.Google Scholar
  65. Heider, K. G. (1970). The Dugum Dani: A Papuan culture in the highlands of West New Guinea. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  66. Heider, K. G. (1979). Grand Valley Dani: Peaceful warriors. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  67. Heinsohn, T. E. (2010). Marsupials as introduced species. In S. Haberle, J. Stevenson, & M. Prebble (Eds.), Altered ecologies: Fire, climate and human influence on terrestrial landscapes (pp. 133–176). Terra Australis 32, ANU Epress: Canberra.Google Scholar
  68. Hope, G. (1998). Early fire and forest change in the Baliem valley, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Journal of Biogeography, 25, 453–461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Hope, G. (2007). The history of human impact on New Guinea. In A. J. Marshall & B. M. Beehler (Eds.), The ecology of Papua: Part 1 (pp. 1087–1097). Singapore: Periplus.Google Scholar
  70. Hope, G., & Aplin, K. (2007). Paleontology of Papua. In A. J. Marshall & B. M. Beehler (Eds.), The ecology of Papua: Part 1 (pp. 246–254). Singapore: Periplus.Google Scholar
  71. Hope, G., & Haberle, S. G. (2005). The history of the human landscapes of New Guinea. In A. Pawley, A. Attenborough, J. Golson, & R. Hide (Eds.), Papuan pasts: Cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples, Pacific linguistics 572 (pp. 541–554). Canberra: Research School of Asian and Pacific Studies, Australian National University.Google Scholar
  72. Hope, G. & Hope, J. H. (1976). Man on Mt. Jaya. In G. Hope, J. A Peterson, & U. Radok (Eds.), The equatorial glaciers of New Guinea. Results of the 1971–1973 Australian Universities’ expeditions to Irian Jaya: Survey, glaciology, meteorology, biology and palaeoenvironments. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.Google Scholar
  73. Hope, G., Flannery, T., & Boeardi. (1993). A preliminary report of changing quaternary mammal faunas in subalpine New Guinea. Quaternary Research, 40, 117–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Hope, J. (1976). Fauna. In: G. Hope, J. A. Peterson, & U. Radok (Eds.), The equatorial glaciers of New Guinea. Results of the 1971–1973 Australian Universities’ expeditions to Irian Jaya: Survey, glaciology, meteorology, biology and palaeoenvironments. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.Google Scholar
  75. Jelsma, J. (1998). Room with a view: An excavation in Toé cave, Ayamaru district, Bird’s Head, Irian Jaya. In G. J. Barstra (Ed.), Bird’s head approaches: Irian Jaya studies, a programme for interdisciplinary research (pp. 41–66). Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.Google Scholar
  76. Kamma, F. C. (1947/1948). De verhouding tussen Tidour en de papoese eilanden in legend en history. Indonesië 1: 542–543.Google Scholar
  77. Kempers, A. J. (1988). The kettledrums of Southeast Asia: A Bronze Age world and its aftermath. Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia, vol. 10, Rotterdam and Brookfields: A.A. Balkema.Google Scholar
  78. King, P. (2004). West Papua and Indonesia since Suharto: Independence, autonomy or chaos? Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.Google Scholar
  79. Kirch, P. V. (1997). The Lapita peoples. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  80. Kooijman, S. (1962). Ancestor figures from the MacCluer Gulf area of New Guinea: A variation of the Korwar style, Mededelingen van het Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde (pp. 63–80), Leiden No. 15, Leiden: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar
  81. Lape, P. V. (2000). Contact and colonialism in the Banda Islands, Maluku, Indonesia. Indo-Pacific Prehistory: The Melaka Papers, 4, 48–55.Google Scholar
  82. Lape, P. V., & Chin-Yung, C. (2008). Fortification as a human response to late Holocene climate change in East Timor. Archaeology in Oceania, 43, 11–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Lape, P. V., O’Connor, S., & Buringham, N. (2007). Rock art: A potential source of information about past maritime technology in the South-East Asia–Pacific region. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, 36, 238–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. van Liem, B. (2005). A study of boat-shaped coffins from Dongson sites in Vietnam. Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin, 25(3), 117–119.Google Scholar
  85. Mahdi, W. (1994a). Some Austronesian maverick proto-forms with culture-historical implications: I. Oceanic Linguistics, 33, 167–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Mahdi, W. (1994b). Some Austronesian maverick proto-forms with culture-historical implications: II. Oceanic Linguistics, 33, 431–490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Matthiessen, P. (1963). Under the mountain wall: A chronicle of two seasons in the Stone Age. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  88. May, P., & Tuckson, M. (2000). The traditional pottery of Papua New Guinea. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press.Google Scholar
  89. McAlpine, J. R., Keig, G., & Falls, R. (1983). Climate of Papua New Guinea. Canberra: Australian National University Press.Google Scholar
  90. McNiven, I. J., David, B., Richards, T., Aplin, K., Asmussen, B., Mialanes, J., et al. (2011). New direction in human colonisation of the Pacific: Lapita settlement of south coast New Guinea. Australian Archaeology, 72, 1–6.Google Scholar
  91. Miedema, J. (1994). Trade, migration, and exchange: The Bird’s Head Peninsula of Irian Jaya in a comparative perspective. In A. Strathern & G. Stürzenhofekar (Eds.), Migrations and transformations: Regional perspectives on New Guinea (pp. 121–153). Pitsburg: University of Pittsburg Press.Google Scholar
  92. Miedema, J., & Reesink, G. P. (Eds.). (2004). One head, many faces: New perspectives on the Bird’s Head Peninsula of New Guinea. Leiden: University of Hawai‘i Press/KITLV Press.Google Scholar
  93. Miller, C. (1950). Pottery types from kitchen middens of Dutch New Guinea. In E. Reed & D. King (Eds.), For the Dean: Essays in anthropology in honor of Bryan Cummings on his eighty-ninth birthday, September 20, 1950. Hohokam Museums Association and the Southwestern Monuments Association, Santa Fe, Tucson and Santa Fe, pp. 277–289.Google Scholar
  94. Mitton, R. D. (1972). Stone as a cultural factor in the central and eastern highlands. Irian: Bulletin of the Irian Jaya Development, 1, 4–11.Google Scholar
  95. Mitton, R. D. (1983). The lost world of Irian Jaya. Oxford and Melbourne: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  96. Morwood, M. J., & Jungers, W. L. (2009). Conclusions: Implications of the Liang Bua finds for hominin evolution and biogeography. Journal of Human Evolution, 57(5), 640–650.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Muller, K. (2006). The biodiversity of New Guinea. Manokwari: Universitas Negeri Papua.Google Scholar
  98. O’Connell, J. F., & Allen, J. (2007). Pre-LGM Sahul (Pleistocene Australia–New Guinea) and the archaeology of early modern humans. In P. Mellars, K. Boyle, O. Bar-Yosef, & C. Stringer (Eds.), Rethinking the human revolution (pp. 395–410). Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.Google Scholar
  99. O’Connor, S. (2003). Nine new painted rock art sites from East Timor in the context of the Western Pacific region. Asian Perspectives: The Journal of Archaeology for Asia and the Pacific, 42, 96–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. O’Connor, S. (2007). New evidence from East Timor contributes to our understanding of earliest modern human colonization east of the Sunda shelf. Antiquity, 81, 523–535.Google Scholar
  101. O’Connor, S., & Aplin, K. (2007). A matter of balance: An overview of Pleistocene occupation history and the impact of the Last Glacial phase in East Timor and the Aru Islands, eastern Indonesia. Archaeology in Oceania, 42, 82–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Pasveer, J. (1998). Kria Cave: An 8000-year occupation sequence from the Bird’s Head of Irian Jaya. In G. J. Barstra (Ed.), Bird’s Head approaches: Irian Jaya studies, a programme for interdisciplinary research (pp. 67–89). Rotterdam, Netherlands: A.A. Balkema.Google Scholar
  103. Pasveer, J. (2004). The Djief hunters: 26,000 years of rainforest exploitation on the Bird’s Head of Papua, Indonesia. Leiden, London, New York, Philadelphia, Singapore: A.A. Balkema.Google Scholar
  104. Pasveer, J. (2010). Prehistoric human presence in Papua and adjacent areas. In A. J. Marshall & B. M. Beehler (Eds.), The ecology of Papua (Vol. 1, pp. 121–136). The Ecology of Indonesia Series 6. Hong Kong: Periplus.Google Scholar
  105. Pasveer, J. & Aplin, K. (1998). The archaeology of the Bird’s Head of Irian Jaya, Indonesia. In J. Miedema, C. Ode, & R. A. Dam (Eds.), Perspectives on the Bird’s Head of Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Proceedings of the Conference, Leiden, 13–17 October 1997 (pp. 891–930). Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi.Google Scholar
  106. Pasveer, J., Clarke, S., & Miller, G. (2002). Late Pleistocene human occupation of inland rainforest, Bird’s Head. Archaeology in Oceania, 37, 92–95.Google Scholar
  107. Perrier, X., De Langhe, E., Donohue, M., Lentfer, C., Vrydaghs, L., Bakry, F., et al. (2011). Multidisciplinary perspectives on banana (Musa spp.) domestication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, 11311–11318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Pétrequin, P., & Pétrequin, A.-M. (1993a). From polished stone tool to sacred axe: The axes of the Danis of Irian Jaya, Indonesia. In A. Berthelet & J. Chavaillon (Eds.), The use of tools by human and non-human primates. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  109. Pétrequin, P., & Pétrequin, A.-M. (1993b). Écologie d’un outil: La hache de pierre en Irian Jaya (Indonésie). Paris: CNRS Éditions.Google Scholar
  110. Pétrequin, A.-M., & Pétrequin, P. (2006). Objets de pouvoir en Nouvelle-Guinée. Paris: Éditions de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux.Google Scholar
  111. Pouwer, J. (1999). The colonisation, decolonisation and recolonisation of west New Guinea. The Journal of Pacific History, 34, 157–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Pretty, G. L. (1965). Two stone pestles from western Papua and their relationship to prehistoric pestles and mortars from New Guinea. Records of the South Australian Museum, 15, 119–130.Google Scholar
  113. Riesenfeld, A. (1950). Megalithic culture of Melanesia. Lieden: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar
  114. Röder, J. (1938a). Felsbildforschung auf West Neuguinea. Paideuma, 1, 75–89.Google Scholar
  115. Röder, J. (1938b). Praehistorische onderzoekingen in den MacCluer golf. Tijdschrift Nieuw Guinea, 3, 531–540.Google Scholar
  116. Röder, J. (1939a). Rock-pictures and prehistoric times in Dutch New Guinea. Man, 39, 175–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Röder, J. (1939b). Felsbilder und Vorgeschichte in Holländisch West Neu Guinea. Die Umschau, 8, 174–176.Google Scholar
  118. Röder, J. (1939c). Kota’s in West Nieuw Guinea (MacCluer Golf). Tijdschrift Nieuw Guinea, 4: 1–11 and 75–82.Google Scholar
  119. Röder, J. (1940a). Ergebnisse einer Probegrabung in der Höhle Dudumunir auf Arguni, Mac Cluer-Golf (Holl. West Neuguinea): Vorbericht. Nova Guinea, 4, 1–10.Google Scholar
  120. Röder, J. (1940b). Geister der Vergangenheit Auf Felsbildfahrt im Neu Guinea. Nova Guinea, 4, 31–109.Google Scholar
  121. Röder, J. (1956). The rock paintings of the MacCluer Bay (western New Guinea). Antiquity and Survival, 1, 387–400.Google Scholar
  122. Röder, J. (1959). Felsbilder und Vorgeschichte des MacCluer-Golfes West-Neuguinea. In Zusammenarbeit mit Albert Hahn, L. C. Wittich Verlag, Darmstadt.Google Scholar
  123. Rosenfeld, A. (1988). Rock art in western Oceania. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association, 8, 119–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. van der Sande, G. A. (1907). Nova Guinea: Résultats de l’expédition scientifique néerlandaise à la Nouvelle-Guinée en 1903 sous les auspices de Arthur Wichmann chef de l’expédition. Vol. III, Ethnography and Anthropology. Leiden: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar
  125. Serpenti, I. M. (1965). Cultivators in the swamps: Social structure and horticulture in a New Guinea society. Assen: Van Gorcum and Co.Google Scholar
  126. Simunjuntak, T. (1996). Perspektif prasejarah Irian Jaya. Kebudayaan, 9, 38–49.Google Scholar
  127. Simunjuntak, T. (1998). Review of the prehistory of Irian Jaya. In J. Miedema, C. Ode, & R. A. C. Dam (Eds.), Perspectives on the Bird’s Head of Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Proceedings of the Conference Leiden, 13–17 October 1997. Amsterdam–Atlanta: Rodopi, pp. 941–950.Google Scholar
  128. Soares, P., et al. (2011). Genetic evidence for early Holocene voyaging between Indonesia and Near Oceania. American Journal of Human Genetics, 88, 239–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Soejono, P. S. (1963). Prehistori Irian Barat. In K. Koentjaraningrat & H. W. Bachtiar (Eds.), Penduduk Irian Barat (pp. 55–99). Indonesia: P.T. Penerbitan Universitas.Google Scholar
  130. Solheim, W. (1978). Archaeological survey of Irian Jaya. Pacific Art Newsletter, 6, 1–5.Google Scholar
  131. Solheim, W. (1979). Irian Jaya Origins. Australian Natural History, 19, 324–327.Google Scholar
  132. Solheim, W. (1985). Korwar of the Biak. In J. Feldman (Ed.), The eloquent dead. Los Angeles: Museum of Cultural History, University of California.Google Scholar
  133. Solheim, W. (1998). Preliminary report on Makbon archaeology, the Bird’s Head, Irian Jaya. In G. J. Barstra (Ed.), Bird’s Head approaches: Irian Jaya studies, a programme for interdisciplinary research (pp. 29–40). Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.Google Scholar
  134. Solheim, W., & Arnold, C. (1977). Pottery manufacture in Abar, Lake Sentani, Irian Jaya. IRIAN: Bulletin of the Irian Jaya Development, 6, 52–70.Google Scholar
  135. Solheim, W., & Mansoben, J. (1977). Pottery manufacture in Mansinam, Manokwari, Irian Jaya. IRIAN: Bulletin of the Irian Jaya Development, 6, 47–51.Google Scholar
  136. Sollewijn-Gelpke, J. H. (1994). The report of Miguel Roxo de Brito of his Voyage in 1581–1582 to the Raja Ampat, the MacCluer Gulf and Seram. Bijdragen tot de Taal, Land en Volkenkunde, 150, 123–145.Google Scholar
  137. Souza, C. R., & Solheim, W. (1976). A new area of rock paintings in Irian Jaya, Indonesian New Guinea. In K. K. Chakravarty (Ed.), Rock-art of India: Paintings and engravings (pp. 182–195). New Delhi: Arnold-Heinemann.Google Scholar
  138. Specht, J. (1979). Rock art in the western Pacific. In S. Mead (Ed.), Exploring the visual art of Oceania: Australia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia (pp. 58–82). Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press.Google Scholar
  139. Spriggs, M. (1998). The archaeology of the Bird’s Head in its Pacific and southeast Asian context. In J. Miedema, C. Ode, & R. A. Dam (Eds.), Perspectives on the Bird’s Head of Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Proceedings of the Conference, Leiden, 13–17 October 1997 (pp. 931–940). Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi.Google Scholar
  140. Spriggs, M. (2011). Archaeology and the Austronesian expansion: Where are we now? Antiquity, 85(328), 510–528.Google Scholar
  141. Spriggs, M., & Miller, D. (1988). A previously unreported bronze kettledrum from the Kai Islands, Eastern Indonesia. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association, 8, 79–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Spriggs, M., O’Connor, S., & Veth, P. (2005). The Aru Islands in perspective: A general introduction. In S. O’Connor, M. Spriggs, & P. Veth (Eds.), The archaeology of the Aru Islands, Eastern Indonesia, Terra Australis (Vol. 22, pp. 1–23). Canberra: ANU Press.Google Scholar
  143. Stevens, H. N. & Barwick, G. F. (1930). New light on the discovery of Australia as revealed by the journal of Captain Don Diego de Prada y Tovar. Series 2, No. 64, Hakluyt Society, London.Google Scholar
  144. Stout, D. (2002). Skill and cognition in stone tool production: An ethnographic case study from Irian Jaya. Current Anthropology, 43, 693–722.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Strauch, H. (1877). Allgemeine Bemerkungen ethnologischen Inhalts über Neu Guinea, die Anachoreten Inseln, Neu-Hannover, Neu-Irland, Neu-Britannien und Bougainville, im Anschluß and die dort gemachten Sammlungen ethnologischer Gegenstände. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 9: 18–28.Google Scholar
  146. Summerhayes, G. R., Leavesley, M., Fairbairn, A. S., Mandui, H., Field, J., Ford, A., et al. (2010). Human adaptation and plant use in Highland New Guinea 49,000 to 44,000 years ago. Science, 330, 78–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Suter, K. (1997). East Timor, West Papua/Irian and Indonesia. London: Minority Rights Group.Google Scholar
  148. Sutton, A., Mountain, M. J., Aplin, K., Bulmer, S., & Denham, T. P. (2009). Archaeozoological records for the highlands of New Guinea: A review of current evidence. Australian Archaeology, 69, 41–58.Google Scholar
  149. Swadling, P. (1973). The human settlement of the Arona Valley, Eastern Highland District, Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea Electricity Commission, Port Moresby.Google Scholar
  150. Swadling, P. (1996). Plumes from paradise: Trade cycles in outer Southeast Asia and their impact on New Guinea and nearby islands until 1920. Boroko: Papua New Guinea National Museum.Google Scholar
  151. Swadling, P., & Hide, R. (2005). Changing landscape and social interaction: Looking at agricultural history from a Sepik-Ramu perspective. In A. Pawley, R. Attenborough, J. Golson, & R. Hide (Eds.), Papuan pasts: Cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples (pp. 289–328). Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.Google Scholar
  152. Tan, K. H. (2008). Soils in the humid tropics and monsoon region of Indonesia. London: Taylor and Francis.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Tichelman, G. L. (1953). Beroemd bronzen bijltje. Oost en West, 46(5), 14.Google Scholar
  154. Timmer, J., & Ballard, C. (2002). An annotated bibliography for the communities of Berau Gulf and Bintuni Bay, Papua (Irian Jaya), Indonesia. Pacific and Asian History, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Canberra.Google Scholar
  155. Torrence, R. (2011). Finding the right question: Learning from stone tools on the Willaumez Peninsula, Papua New Guinea. Archaeology in Oceania, 46(2), 29–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Torrence, R., & Swadling, P. (2008). Social networks and the spread of Lapita. Antiquity, 82, 600–616.Google Scholar
  157. Torrence, R., Swadling, P., Kononenko, N., Ambrose, W., Rath, P., & Glascock, M. (2009). Mid-Holocene social interaction in Melanesia: New evidence from hammer-dressed obsidian stemmed tools. Asian Perspectives, 48(1), 119–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Toth, N., Clark, D., & Ligabue, G. (1992). The last stone ax makers: A chance encounter with a people living in New Guinea’s highlands has given archaeologists a priceless opportunity to model prehistoric technology. Scientific American, 267(1), 88–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Tworek-Matuszkiewicz, B. (2001). The Ambum stone. Artonview, Winter, 59.Google Scholar
  160. Veth, P., O’Connor, S., Spriggs, M., Nayati, W., Jatmiko, A., & Mohammed, H. (2000). The mystery of the Ujir site: Insights into the early historic maritime settlement of the Aru Islands, Maluku. Bulletin of the Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology, 24, 125–132.Google Scholar
  161. White, J. P. (1972). Ol Tumbuna: Archaeological excavations in the Eastern Central High-lands, Papua New Guinea. Terra Australis 2. Australian National University, Canberra.Google Scholar
  162. White, J. P. (2004). Where the wild things are: Prehistoric animal translocations in the circum New Guinea archipelago. In S. Fitzpatrick (Ed.), Voyages of discovery: The archaeology of islands (pp. 147–164). Westport: Praeger/Greenwood.Google Scholar
  163. Whittaker, J., Gash, N. G., Hookey, J. F., & Lacey, R. J. (1975). Documents and readings in New Guinea history: Pre-history to 1889. Milton: The Jacaranda Press.Google Scholar
  164. Wichmann, A. (1917). Bericht über eine im Jahre 1903 ausgeführte Reise nach Neu-Guinea. Nova Guinea 4. Leiden: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar
  165. Wilson, M. (2004). Rethinking regional analyses of western Pacific rock-art. In V. Attenbrow & R. Fullagar (Eds.), A Pacific odyssey: Archaeology and anthropology in the western Pacific. Papers in honour of Jim Specht, Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 29, pp. 173–86.Google Scholar
  166. Wurm, M. & Hattori, S. (1981). Language atlas of the Pacific area. Pacific Linguistics, Series C, No. 66. Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, Canberra.Google Scholar
  167. Wurm, S. A., Voorhoeve, C. L., & McElhanon, K. A. (1975). The trans–New Guinea phylum in general. In S. A. Wurm (Ed.), New Guinea area languages and language study. Vol. I, Papuan Languages and the New Guinea Linguistic Scene (pp. 299–322). Pacific Linguistics Canberra: Australian National University.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of HumanitiesGriffith UniversityGold CoastAustralia
  2. 2.Historical and European StudiesLa Trobe UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.School of Geography and Environmental ScienceMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.Research School of Pacific and Asian StudiesAustralian National UniversityActonAustralia

Personalised recommendations