Journal of World Prehistory

, Volume 25, Issue 3–4, pp 123–156 | Cite as

The Early Neolithic in the Iberian Peninsula and the Western Mediterranean: A Review of the Evidence on Migration

Article

Abstract

The first use of domestic plants and animals in the Western Mediterranean has been a matter of debate, since there are no native ancestors for these elements. The current paradigmatic position favors an introduction by human migrants who reached southern France and the Iberian Peninsula through seafaring. The settlers would have introduced the whole economic and cultural Neolithic background. This paper reviews some of the available archaeological, paleobiological and chronological evidence for the Early Neolithic in the Western Mediterranean, and specifically the Iberian Peninsula, and its use by those who support migration.

Keywords

Archaeology Iberian Peninsula Western Mediterranean Early Neolithic Colonization 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Thanks to Dolores Segura Buitrago for her interpretive guidance on the genetic data. My warmest thanks and acknowledgement go to Antonio José Cuesta Vázquez for his guidance with the statistical analysis, and to Jose Manuel Rojo Abuin and Almudena Mata Murillo (CCHS, CSIC). Special thanks to Susana Consuegra, Pedro Díaz del Río, Juan Francisco Gibaja Bao, Maribel Martínez Navarrete, Sandra Montón and Juan Vicent García, who generously gave me their time and ideas and who really greatly improved the paper. Joan Bernabeu Aubán, Laurent Bouby, Juan Antonio Cámara Serrano, Margaret Conkey, Manuel Edo Benaiges, Antonio Gilman, Marcos Llobera, Araceli Martín Cólliga, Ignacio Montero Ruiz, Susana Pascual, Leonor Peña Chocarro, Damià Ramis, Beatriz Robledo, and Josep Maria Vergès Bosch, were also generous with their comments and bibliographical guidance. Two reviewers of a previous version of this manuscript made constructive suggestions. Marilyn Reynolds and Bruce Harris kindly revised the English. Any error remains my own.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IH, CCHS, CSICMadridSpain

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