Journal of World Prehistory

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 155–177 | Cite as

Deglaciation and Colonization: Pioneer Settlements in Northern Fennoscandia

  • Ingela Bergman
  • Anders Olofsson
  • Greger Hörnberg
  • Olle Zackrisson
  • Erik Hellberg
Article

Abstract

We present new data on Early Mesolithic settlements in northern Sweden and discuss the process of pioneer colonization. A new set of radiocarbon dates from archaeological sites push deglaciation of northern Fennoscandia further back in time and demonstrate the rapid arrival of pioneer settlers. Environmental data reveal a highly productive early postglacial setting with plant communities unmatched in present ecosystems. The chronological and technological setting supports immigration from the north and northwest with pioneers relying on a long history of enculturating northern subarctic landscapes.

Keywords

deglaciation pioneer colonization landscape knowledge Fennoscandia 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingela Bergman
    • 1
    • 4
  • Anders Olofsson
    • 2
  • Greger Hörnberg
    • 3
  • Olle Zackrisson
    • 3
  • Erik Hellberg
    • 3
  1. 1.The Silvermuseum of ArjeplogSweden
  2. 2.Vuollerim 6000 årSweden
  3. 3.Department of Vegetation EcologySwedish University of Agricultural SciencesSweden
  4. 4.Silvermuseum of ArjeplogSweden

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