Engineering graduate students’ views on the effective ownership of academic patents
- 159 Downloads
For sustainable and effective innovation, who should own an academic patent obtained as a result of funded research? The issue of ownership can influence the motivation of academic researchers. In this paper, we address this issue from the perspective of engineering graduate students who have experience of R&D projects. We aim to investigate engineering graduate students’ views on inter-organizations aspects of patent ownership; and patent ownership policies within university. In this paper, we carried out classification tree analyses of preferred ownership categories, using various factors related to ‘researchers and the environment for R&D,’ ‘technology,’ ‘patenting activities,’ ‘sponsors,’ ‘currently existing ownership policy,’ and ‘compensation policy’. Our findings can help design an effective ownership policy that promotes innovation by incorporating the views of students who will be important asset for future innovation.
KeywordsAcademic patenting Ownership issue Engineering graduate students Classification tree analysis
JEL ClassificationC38 O31
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea Government (MSIP) (2016R1A2A1A05005270). We thank W. S. Lee and J. H. Park who participated in the early stage data analysis of this research.
- Audretsch, D. (2000). Is university entrepreneurship different? Mimeo, Indiana University.Google Scholar
- Breiman, L., Friedman, J. H., Olshen, R. A., & Stone, C. J. (1984). Classification and regression trees. Los Angeles, CA: Wadsworth.Google Scholar
- Chew, P. K. (1992). Faculty-generated inventions: Who owns the golden egg? Wisconsin Law Review, 75, 259–306.Google Scholar
- Duval-Couetil, N., Pilcher, J., Weilerstein, P., & Gotch, C. (2014). Undergraduate involvement in intellectual property protection at universities: Views from technology transfer professionals. International Journal of Engineering Education, 30(1), 60–71.Google Scholar
- Kim, K. S. (2009). A study on joint research and development agreements. Journal of Business Administration and Law, 19(3), 405–435.Google Scholar
- Nyttiggorande av högskoleuppfinningar SOU. (2005). 95. Available at ¨/http://www.regeringen.se/sb/d/108/a/53408S.
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2003). Turning science into business: Patenting and licensing at public research organizations. OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
- Patel, S. H. (1996). Graduate students’ ownership and attribution rights in intellectual property. Indiana Law Journal, 71(2), 481–512.Google Scholar
- Schwartz, E. S. (2004). Patents and R&D as real options. Economic Notes by Banca Monte dei Pashi di Siena SpA, 33(1), 23–54.Google Scholar
- Sellenthin, M. (2004). Who should own university research? An exploratory study of the impact of patent rights regimes in Sweden and Germany on the incentives to patent research results. Technical report, Department of Technology and Social Change, Linköping university.Google Scholar
- Siegel, D. S., Waldman, D., Atwater, L., & Link, A. (2004). Toward a model of the effective transfer of scientific knowledge from academicians to practitioners: Qualitative evidence from the commercialization of university technologies. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 21, 115–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Silvernagel, C., Schultz, R. R., Moser, S. B., & Aune, M. (2009). Student-generated intellectual property: Perceptions of ownership by faculty and students. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 12, 13–33.Google Scholar
- Sohn, S. Y., & Ju, Y. H. (2015). Design and implementation of a six sigma game to develop entrepreneurship in engineering students. International Journal of Engineering Education, 31(2), 1–13.Google Scholar
- Vroom, V. H. (1964). Work and motivation. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar