The Journal of Technology Transfer

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 997–1008 | Cite as

National systems of innovation

  • Zoltán J. Acs
  • David B. Audretsch
  • Erik E. Lehmann
  • Georg Licht


The perhaps broadest approach to economic performance at the level of a country is the concept of national systems of innovation. Despite the emergence of a compelling literature identifying the persistence of innovative activities and country specific institutional effects, evidence on the nature of national systems of innovation is still missing and a number of crucial questions and answers remain unanswered. To shed light on these issues, as of leading scholars of entrepreneurship and innovation was assembled from around the world for a conference on “National Systems of Entrepreneurship and Innovation” at the ZEW Mannheim in November 2014. This article draws on the NSI framework, sets it in a larger context, examines the logic of the approach and introduces the special issue by summarizing the papers presented at the conference and selected for this special issue.


National systems of innovation Innovation Entrepreneurship 

JEL Classification

L26 L53 M13 O3 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zoltán J. Acs
    • 1
  • David B. Audretsch
    • 2
  • Erik E. Lehmann
    • 3
  • Georg Licht
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Public PolicyGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  2. 2.School of Public and Environmental AnalysisIndiana University, BloomingtonBloomingtonUSA
  3. 3.Faculty of Business and EconomicsUniversity of AugsburgAugsburgGermany
  4. 4.ZEW – Centre for European Economic Research MannheimMannheimGermany

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