The Journal of Technology Transfer

, Volume 41, Issue 5, pp 1195–1234 | Cite as

Inter-organisational technology/knowledge transfer: a framework from critical literature review

  • Cinzia Battistella
  • Alberto F. De Toni
  • Roberto Pillon


This paper aims to provide, through a literature analysis, a solid theoretical foundation that allows identifying the critical factors for technology/knowledge transfer. The literature review allowed to summarize the main contributions collected, to identify the main critical factors for technology/knowledge transfer and to frame them in a simple framework, carrying out a rationalization and classification. We built a reference framework, called “model of technology/knowledge transfer”. The proposed structure considers six categories related to the actors involved (sources, recipients and intermediaries), the relationship between them, the object of the transfer, the channels and mechanisms and the reference context. The factors represent all the main parameters and levers to consider in the design and implementation of an activity of technology/knowledge transfer. This can direct also future research by deepening these factors or the relationship among them.


Technology transfer Inter-organisations Literature review 
JEL Classification L2 O3 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cinzia Battistella
    • 1
  • Alberto F. De Toni
    • 2
  • Roberto Pillon
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Science and TechnologyFree University of Bozen-BolzanoBozen-BolzanoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Electrical Engineering, Management and Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of UdineUdineItaly
  3. 3.Innovation FactoryAREA Science Park ConsortiumTriesteItaly

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