The Journal of Technology Transfer

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 345–357

Transnational innovation networks aren’t all created equal: towards a classification system



This paper examines the growth of transnational networks of innovation and proposes a preliminary classificatory system of four distinct kinds of forces which give rise to social networks that facilitate knowledge flows, relationship building, and collaborative activities important to accessing global markets. The networks may form around a technology sector, be identity based, emerge from a government-led initiative, or be stimulated by a civic or philanthropic organization. Each has a different mode of organizing, financing, and meeting its objectives, as shown by examples presented in the paper. The proposed classification of these characteristics is intended to open a conversation within the social sciences and among policy makers about how better to understand the ways in which transnational networks get formed, operate and produce desired results.


Transnational social networks Regional innovation 

JEL Classification

O19 O30 R10 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary L. Walshok
    • 1
  • Josh D. Shapiro
    • 1
  • Nathan Owens
    • 1
  1. 1.University of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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