Academic patenting: the importance of industry support
- 862 Downloads
This paper provides evidence that university-industry collaboration is important for turning commercial opportunities into patents. The results suggest that researchers who receive a large share of research grants from industry have a higher propensity to file a patent. Small dissemination grants generally exert a positive effect, whether they come from industry or not. It also finds that these interactions do not increase the number of industry owned patents alone but benefit universities’ commercialisation efforts in general.
KeywordsAcademic patenting University-industry collaboration Technology transfer Sponsored research
JEL ClassificationsO31 O34 I23
The author would like to thank Albert Banal-Estanol, Mireia Jofre-Bonet, Alan Marco, Pierre Mohnen, Reinhilde Veugelers and participants of the DIME Final Conference (Maastricht), SEEK Kick-Off Conference (Mannheim), Zvi Griliches Seminar (Barcelona) and EARIE Conference (Stockholm) for their comments and suggestions. She would also like to thank Francesco Lissoni and Valerio Sterzi for sharing data from the EP-INV project. The data for this paper were collected as part of the ESRC research grant RES-000-22-2806. The paper further contributes to the research projects “Policy Incentives for the Creation of Knowledge: Methods and Evidence” (PICK-ME, Grant 266959) and “An Observatorium for Science in Society based in Social Models” (SISOB, Grant 266588), both funded by the European Union D.G. Research. Sponsorship through a Network of Excellence DIME Mobility Fellowship and a Short Visit Grant within the ESF Activity ‘Academic Patenting in Europe’ as well as support from Collegio Carlo Alberto and CIRCLE Lund University are also gratefully acknowledged.
- Banal-Estanol, A., Jofre-Bonet, M., Meissner, C. (2010). The impact of industry collaboration on research: Evidence from engineering academics in the UK. UPF working paper no. 1190.Google Scholar
- Breschi, S., Lissoni, F., & Montobbio, F. (2005). From publishing to patenting: Do productive scientists turn into academic inventors? Revue d’Economie Industrielle, 120(1), 75–102.Google Scholar
- Czarnitzki, D., Hussinger, K., Schneider, C. (2011). The nexus between science and industry: Evidence from faculty inventions. Journal of Technology Transfer, forthcoming.Google Scholar
- Hottenrott, H., Lawson, C. (2012). Research grants, sources of ideas and the effects on academic research. ZEW Discussion Paper 12-048, Mannheim.Google Scholar
- Lawson, C., Sterzi, V. (2012). The role of early career factors in academic patenting. LEI & BRICK working paper 01/2012, Turin.Google Scholar
- Levin, S., & Stephan, P. E. (1991). Research productivity over the life cycle: Evidence for academic scientists. American Economic Review, 81(1), 114–132.Google Scholar
- Nelson, R. R. (1986). Institutions supporting technical advance in industry. American Economic Review Proceedings, 76, 186–189.Google Scholar
- Thursby, J., & Thursby, M. (2007). Patterns of research and licensing activity of science and engineering faculty. In P. Stephan & R. Ehrenberg (Eds.), Science and the university (pp. 77–93). Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
- Zucker, L. G., Darby, M. R., & Brewer, M. B. (1998). Intellectual human capital and the birth of U. S. biotechnology enterprises. American Economic Review, 88, 290–336.Google Scholar