Journal of Science Education and Technology

, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 610–627 | Cite as

Empowering Prospective Teachers to Become Active Sense-Makers: Multimodal Modeling of the Seasons

  • Mi Song KimEmail author


Situating science concepts in concrete and authentic contexts, using information and communications technologies, including multimodal modeling tools, is important for promoting the development of higher-order thinking skills in learners. However, teachers often struggle to integrate emergent multimodal models into a technology-rich informal learning environment. Our design-based research co-designs and develops engaging, immersive, and interactive informal learning activities called “Embodied Modeling-Mediated Activities” (EMMA) to support not only Singaporean learners’ deep learning of astronomy but also the capacity of teachers. As part of the research on EMMA, this case study describes two prospective teachers’ co-design processes involving multimodal models for teaching and learning the concept of the seasons in a technology-rich informal learning setting. Our study uncovers four prominent themes emerging from our data concerning the contextualized nature of learning and teaching involving multimodal models in informal learning contexts: (1) promoting communication and emerging questions, (2) offering affordances through limitations, (3) explaining one concept involving multiple concepts, and (4) integrating teaching and learning experiences. This study has an implication for the development of a pedagogical framework for teaching and learning in technology-enhanced learning environments—that is empowering teachers to become active sense-makers using multimodal models.


A technology-rich learning environment Embodied engagement Multimodal modeling activities Empowering teachers Sense-makers Informal learning Seasons 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Curriculum StudiesUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada

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