Journal of Science Education and Technology

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 138–144 | Cite as

A Controlled Evaluation of a High School Biomedical Pipeline Program: Design and Methods

  • Marilyn A. Winkleby
  • Judith Ned
  • David Ahn
  • Alana Koehler
  • Kathleen Fagliano
  • Casey Crump
Article

Abstract

Given limited funding for school-based science education, non-school-based programs have been developed at colleges and universities to increase the number of students entering science- and health-related careers and address critical workforce needs. However, few evaluations of such programs have been conducted. We report the design and methods of a controlled trial to evaluate the Stanford Medical Youth Science Program’s Summer Residential Program (SRP), a 25-year-old university-based biomedical pipeline program. This 5-year matched cohort study uses an annual survey to assess educational and career outcomes among four cohorts of students who participate in the SRP and a matched comparison group of applicants who were not chosen to participate in the SRP. Matching on sociodemographic and academic background allows control for potential confounding. This design enables the testing of whether the SRP has an independent effect on educational- and career-related outcomes above and beyond the effects of other factors such as gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic background, and pre-intervention academic preparation. The results will help determine which curriculum components contribute most to successful outcomes and which students benefit most. After 4 years of follow-up, the results demonstrate high response rates from SRP participants and the comparison group with completion rates near 90 %, similar response rates by gender and ethnicity, and little attrition with each additional year of follow-up. This design and methods can potentially be replicated to evaluate and improve other biomedical pipeline programs, which are increasingly important for equipping more students for science- and health-related careers.

Keywords

Education Program evaluation Science Students 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Science Educational Partnership Award (SEPA) from the National Center for Research Resources, a component of the National Institutes of Health (R25RR026011). The authors thank Justine Aguilar-Blake, Diana Austria, Nell Curran, Anna Felberg, and Dale Lemmerick for contributions to SMYSP and follow-up evaluation. In-kind resources are provided by Stanford University, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford Hospital and Clinics, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, and the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marilyn A. Winkleby
    • 1
  • Judith Ned
    • 1
  • David Ahn
    • 1
  • Alana Koehler
    • 1
  • Kathleen Fagliano
    • 1
  • Casey Crump
    • 2
  1. 1.Stanford Prevention Research CenterStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineStanford UniversityPalo AltoUSA

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