Journal of Science Education and Technology

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 101–109 | Cite as

Classroom Response Systems: A Review of the Literature

  • Carmen FiesEmail author
  • Jill Marshall


As the frequency with which Classroom Response Systems (CRSs) are used is increasing, it becomes more and more important to define the affordances and limitations of these tools. Currently existing literature is largely either anecdotal or focuses on comparing CRS and non-CRS environments that are unequal in other aspects as well. In addition, the literature primarily describes situations in which the CRS is used to provide an individual as opposed to a group response. This article points to the need for a concerted research effort, one that rigorously explores conditions of use across diverse settings and pedagogies.


Response systems educational technology formative assessment 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of TexasSan AntonioUSA
  2. 2.The University of TexasAustinUSA

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