Protocols for Copying and Proofreading in Template-Assisted Polymerization
We discuss how information encoded in a template polymer can be stochastically copied into a copy polymer. We consider four different stochastic copy protocols of increasing complexity, inspired by building blocks of the mRNA translation pathway. In the first protocol, monomer incorporation occurs in a single stochastic transition. We then move to a more elaborate protocol in which an intermediate step can be used for error correction. Finally, we discuss the operating regimes of two kinetic proofreading protocols: one in which proofreading acts from the final copying step, and one in which it acts from an intermediate step. We review known results for these models and, in some cases, extend them to analyze all possible combinations of energetic and kinetic discrimination. We show that, in each of these protocols, only a limited number of these combinations leads to an improvement of the overall copying accuracy.
KeywordsKinetic proofreading Biological copying Polymerization Speed-accuracy trade-off
This work was supported by the Ministerio de Economia y Competividad (Spain) and FEDER (European Union), under Project FIS2012-37655-C02-01.
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