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Journal of Statistical Physics

, Volume 158, Issue 4, pp 968–1006

# Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics of Hamiltonian Rotators with Alternated Spins

• A. Dymov
Article

## Abstract

We consider a finite region of a d-dimensional lattice of nonlinear Hamiltonian rotators, where neighbouring rotators have opposite (alternated) spins and are coupled by a small potential of size $$\varepsilon ^a,\, a\ge 1/2$$. We weakly stochastically perturb the system in such a way that each rotator interacts with its own stochastic thermostat with a force of order $$\varepsilon$$. Then we introduce action-angle variables for the system of uncoupled rotators ($$\varepsilon = 0$$) and note that the sum of actions over all nodes is conserved by the purely Hamiltonian dynamics of the system with $$\varepsilon >0$$. We investigate the limiting (as $$\varepsilon \rightarrow 0$$) dynamics of actions for solutions of the $$\varepsilon$$-perturbed system on time intervals of order $$\varepsilon ^{-1}$$. It turns out that the limiting dynamics is governed by a certain autonomous (stochastic) equation for the vector of actions. This equation has a completely non-Hamiltonian nature. This is a consequence of the fact that the system of rotators with alternated spins do not have resonances of the first order. The $$\varepsilon$$-perturbed system has a unique stationary measure $$\widetilde{\mu }^\varepsilon$$ and is mixing. Any limiting point of the family $$\{\widetilde{\mu }^\varepsilon \}$$ of stationary measures as $$\varepsilon \rightarrow 0$$ is an invariant measure of the system of uncoupled integrable rotators. There are plenty of such measures. However, it turns out that only one of them describes the limiting dynamics of the $$\varepsilon$$-perturbed system: we prove that a limiting point of $$\{\widetilde{\mu }^\varepsilon \}$$ is unique, its projection to the space of actions is the unique stationary measure of the autonomous equation above, which turns out to be mixing, and its projection to the space of angles is the normalized Lebesque measure on the torus $$\mathbb {T}^N$$. The results and convergences, which concern the behaviour of actions on long time intervals, are uniform in the number $$N$$ of rotators. Those, concerning the stationary measures, are uniform in $$N$$ in some natural cases.

## Keywords

Nonequilibrium statistical mechanics Randomly perturbed hamiltonain systems Transport of energy Alternated spins Small noise asymptotics

## Notes

### Acknowledgments

I am very grateful to my Ph.D. supervisors S. Kuksin and A. Shirikyan for formulation of the problem, guidance, encouragement and all-round help. Also I would like to thank J. Bricmont, P. Collet, V. Jaksic, S. Olla and C.-A. Pillet for useful discussions concerning physical meaning of the problem. This research was carried out within the MME-DII Center of Excellence (ANR-11-LABX-0023-01) and supported by the ANR Grant STOSYMAP (ANR 2011 BS01 015 01) and the RFFI Grant #13-01-12462.

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## Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

## Authors and Affiliations

1. 1.University of Cergy-Pontoise, Department of MathematicsCergy-PontoiseFrance