The Spectrum of the Billiard Laplacian of a Family of Random Billiards
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- Feres, R. & Zhang, HK. J Stat Phys (2010) 141: 1039. doi:10.1007/s10955-010-0079-5
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Random billiards are billiard dynamical systems for which the reflection law giving the post-collision direction of a billiard particle as a function of the pre-collision direction is specified by a Markov (scattering) operator P. Billiards with microstructure are random billiards whose Markov operator is derived from a “microscopic surface structure” on the boundary of the billiard table. The microstructure in turn is defined in terms of what we call a billiard cellQ, the shape of which completely determines the operator P. This operator, defined on an appropriate Hilbert space, is bounded self-adjoint and, for the examples considered here, a Hilbert-Schmidt operator. A central problem in the statistical theory of such random billiards is to relate the geometric characteristics of Q and the spectrum of P. We show, for a particular family of billiard cell shapes parametrized by a scale invariant curvature K (Fig. 2), that the billiard Laplacian P−I is closely related to the ordinary spherical Laplacian, and indicate, by partly analytical and partly numerical means, how this provides asymptotic information about the spectrum of P for small values of K. It is shown, in particular, that the second moment of scattering about the incidence angle closely approximates the spectral gap of P.