A Numerical Approach to Copolymers at Selective Interfaces
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We consider a model of a random copolymer at a selective interface which undergoes a localization/delocalization transition. In spite of the several rigorous results available for this model, the theoretical characterization of the phase transition has remained elusive and there is still no agreement about several important issues, for example the behavior of the polymer near the phase transition line. From a rigorous viewpoint non coinciding upper and lower bounds on the critical line are known.
Various numerical observations that suggest that the critical line lies strictly in between the two bounds.
A rigorous statistical test based on concentration inequalities and super–additivity, for determining whether a given point of the phase diagram is in the localized phase. This is applied in particular to show that, with a very low level of error, the lower bound does not coincide with the critical line.
An analysis of the precise asymptotic behavior of the partition function in the delocalized phase, with particular attention to the effect of rare atypical stretches in the disorder sequence and on whether or not in the delocalized regime the polymer path has a Brownian scaling.
A new proof of the lower bound on the critical line. This proof relies on a characterization of the localized regime which is more appealing for interpreting the numerical data.
Key WordsDisordered Models Copolymers Localization Transition Large Deviations Corrections to Laplace estimates Concentration of Measure Transfer Matrix Approach Statistical Tests
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