Journal of Statistical Physics

, Volume 118, Issue 1–2, pp 119–144 | Cite as

Uniqueness of the Ground State in Weak Perturbations of Non-Interacting Gapped Quantum Lattice Systems

  • D. A. Yarotsky


We consider a general weak perturbation of a non-interacting quantum lattice system with a non-degenerate gapped ground state. We prove that in a finite volume the dependence of the ground state on the boundary condition exponentially decays with the distance to the boundary, which implies in particular that the infinite-volume ground state is unique. Also, equivalent forms of boundary conditions for ground states of general finite quantum systems are discussed.


Ground state quantum lattice system 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematical PhysicsUniversity College DublinIreland

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