Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 279–296 | Cite as

Surface Tension of the 4-Methyl-2-Pentanone/Ethyl Benzoate Binary System in the Temperature Range from 278.15 to 308.15K

Article

Abstract

Surface tensions (σ) and densities (ρ) of 4-methyl-2-pentanone/ethyl benzoate binary mixtures have been measured over the entire composition range at 278.15, 288.15, 298.15, and 308.15 K. Values of the excess surface tensions (σE) and excess molar volumes (VE) have been calculated. The σE and VE values were fitted by to the Redlich–Kister polynomial equation and the A k coefficients have been derived. The standard deviations between the calculated and the experimental excess properties have also been derived. The surface tension values have been further used to calculate the surface entropies (SS) and surface enthalpies (HS) per unit surface area. The lyophobicity (β) and the surface mole fractions (x1S) of the surfactant 4-methyl-2-pentanone have been derived using the extended Langmuir model. The obtained results are discussed from the viewpoint of the existence of specific interactions between unlike molecules in the bulk region and the surface.

Key Words

Excess thermodynamic properties surface tension surface entropy surface enthalpy surface mole fraction lyophobicity molecular interactions 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für ChemieHumboldt-Universität zu BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Physical Chemistry Laboratory, Department of ChemistryUniversity of AthensAthensGreece

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