Experimental Study of the Effect of Temperature, Pressure and Concentration on the Viscosity of Aqueous NaBr Solutions
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The viscosity of 10 (0.049, 0.205, 0.464, 0.564, 0.820, 1.105, 1.496, 2.007, 2.382, and 2.961 mol ċ kg−1) binary aqueous NaBr solutions has been measured with a capillary-flow technique. Measurements were made at pressures up to 40 MPa. The range of temperature was 288–595 K. The total uncertainty of viscosity, pressure, temperature and composition measurements were estimated to be less than 1.6%, 0.05%, 15 mK, and 0.02%, respectively. The effect of temperature, pressure, and concentration on viscosity of binary aqueous NaBr solutions were studied. The measured values of the viscosity of NaBr(aq) were compared with data, predictions and correlations reported in the literature. The temperature and pressure coefficients of viscosity of NaBr(aq) were studied as a function of concentration and temperature. The viscosity data have been interpreted in terms of the extended Jones–Dole equation for the relative viscosity (η/η0) to calculate accurately the values of viscosity A- and B-coefficients as a function of temperature. The derived values of the viscosity A- and B-coefficients were compared with the results predicted by the Falkenhagen–Dole theory of electrolyte solutions and calculated with the ionic B-coefficient data. The physical meaning parameters V and E in the absolute rate theory of the viscosity and hydrodynamic molar volume Vk were calculated using the present experimental viscosity data. The TTG model has been used to compare predicted values of the viscosity of NaBr(aq) solutions with experimental values at high pressures.
Keywordsaqueous solution B-coefficient capillary viscometer sodium bromide viscosity water
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