Journal of Scheduling

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 641–651 | Cite as

Soccer schedules in Europe: an overview

Article

Abstract

In this paper, we give an overview of the competition formats and the schedules used in 25 European soccer competitions for the season 2008–2009. We discuss how competitions decide the league champion, qualification for European tournaments, and relegation. Following Griggs and Rosa (Bull. ICA 18:65–68, 1996), we examine the popularity of the so-called canonical schedule. We investigate the presence of a number of properties related to successive home or successive away matches (breaks) and of symmetry between the various parts of the competition. We introduce the concept of ranking-balancedness, which is particularly useful to decide whether a fair ranking can be made. We also determine how the schedules manage the carry-over effect. We conclude by observing that there is quite some diversity in European soccer schedules, and that current schedules leave room for further optimizing.

Keywords

Soccer Scheduling Canonical schedule Ranking-balancedness Breaks Mirroring Carry-over effect 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Operations Research and Business Statistics, Faculty of Business and EconomicsK.U. Leuven, BelgiumLeuvenBelgium

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