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Journal of Seismology

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 165–179 | Cite as

Empirical estimate of resonance frequency at the Dead Sea basin

  • Y. Zaslavsky
  • A. HofstetterEmail author
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
  • 44 Downloads

Abstract

We carried out assessments of the fundamental frequencies of the southern Dead Sea basin using records of teleseisms and local earthquakes, obtained by the DESERT2000 (13 events) and DESIRE (40 events) projects that aimed in studying the Dead Sea fault in general and in particular the Dead Sea basin. The observed ground motions are from teleseisms with magnitude larger than 6.5 at distances of 1340–14,800 km, and of local earthquakes in the magnitude range 3.8–4.9 at distances of 90–660 km. We determine the fundamental resonance frequencies of the Dead Sea basin using (1) ratio between the spectra of seismograms recorded on site and those recorded at a reference site and (2) horizontal-to-vertical S-wave spectral ratio. Our results allow dividing the study area into three segments of different lengths: first 22 km (stations JB12–IB13), second 5 km (stations IB15–IB17), and third 45 km (stations IB19–ID27) with fundamental frequencies 0.1, 0.2, and 0.1 Hz, respectively. Amplification factors vary from 2 to 5. Thirteen reference stations are located on rock, at distances of 1–10 km away from the basin, which recorded vibrations in the range of 0.1–0.5 Hz, generated in the Dead Sea basin. We did not find locally induced surface waves, causing significant lengthening of the shaking duration and strong low-frequency amplification. It can be explained by the linear dimensions of the Dead Sea basin, its shape, and the relatively high velocity of shear waves that varies with depth from 800 to 3200 m/s. We use stochastic optimization algorithm to calculate the velocity model, yielding 1-D transfer function matching the observed H/V curves and resonance peaks.

Keywords

Earthquakes Resonance frequency Spectral ratio Dead Sea basin 

Notes

Acknowledgements

A. Hofstetter thanks the Région Alsace and the Communauté Urbaine de Strasbourg for the award of Gutenberg Excellence Chair. Figures in this report were prepared using the GMT program (Wessel and Smith 1991). We thank the Geophysical Instrument Pool Potsdam for providing the instruments for the DESIRE experiments and GEOFON for data archiving (http://geofon-open2.gfz-potsdam.de/doi/network/Z4/2006). We thank Dr. U. ten Brink and Dr. J. Mechie for sharing with us the results of the cross-sections in the Dead Sea basin. We thank Mrs. D. Giller, Mrs. V. Avirav, and Mr. N. Perelman for helping in data processing.

Funding information

The Earth Sciences and Research Administration, Ministry of Energy and Water, Israel, supported the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geophysical Institute of IsraelLodIsrael

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